The Johns Hopkins Nurses Alumnae Magazine is first published in December 1901 as a quarterly publication of the Johns Hopkins Nurses Alumnae Association. Ada Carr is editor with Miss Ross, O'Bryan, A. Miller, McDonnell, Nutting, Rice and Bartlett as members of the Committee on Publications. In an editorial, they note that several other nurses alumni associations had been publishing magazines. In addition to publishing news of the Association's quarterly meetings, the committee asked for "contributions to consist of news items of novel or later methods of nursing care or training, short papers, experiences abroad or at home -- in brief, anything that may be of interest to our widely scatered alumnae." The magazine was meant to allow the members to "follow the progress of their Association and learn of the problems, the efforts and achievements of their sister nurses."
In 2003, Nursing News, the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing publication, and Vigilando, the Johns Hopkins Nurses' Alumni Association publication, ceased regular publication. The Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing and the Johns Hopkins Nurses’ Alumni Association combined resources to produce a new publication, "Johns Hopkins Nursing", which reached a wider audience of alumni, faculty, staff, students and friends of the School of Nursing. “Vigilando” became a regular section within the new magazine, which includes the Alumni Class News and message from the Johns Hopkins Nurses' Alumni Association President. One final Homecoming issue of "Vigilando", which was sent only to alumni, was published in 2003.
December, 1901 - First issue of Johns Hopkins Nurses Alumnae Magazine is published.
Dececember 1901 - August 1903 - Ada M. Carr serves as first chairman of the Editorial Committee. Magazine is published by John Mugby Company of Baltimore, Maryland.
December 1903 - August 1904 - Georgina C. Ross serves as chairman of the Editorial Committee
December 1903 - ? - Magazine is published by Eichelberger Book Company
November 1904 - December 1906. - Mary Bartlett Dixon serves as chairman of the Editorial Committee
March 1907 and June 1907. - Ada Carr returns as chairman (pro tem) of the Editorial Committee.
August 1907 - December 1907. - M. Grace O'Bryan serves as acting chairman of the Publications Committee.
March 1908 and June 1908. - Mary Cloud Bean assumes role as acting chairman of Publications Committee.
August 1908 - April 1909. - M. Grace O'Bryan returns as chairman of Publications Committee.
June 1909 - April 11, 1911. - Ada Carr returns as chairman of Publications Committee with M. Grace O'Bryan as acting chairman for two issues.
June 1911 - April 1913. - M. Grace O'Bryan returns as chairman of Publications Committee and editor.
July 1913 - May 1916. - Mary Bartlett Dixon becomes chairman of Publications Committee and Editor. In November 1920, Dixon is married and uses name Mary Bartlett Dixon Cullen.
August 1916 - August 1921. - Magazine is published by Waverly Press of Baltimore, MD.
November 1921 - Effie J. Taylor is acting chairman of the Publications Committee for one issue.
February 1922 - February 1927. - Mary Bartlett Dixon Cullen resumes position as chairman of Publications committee and Editor.
May 1927 - August 1927. - Louise Savage becomes acting editor and chairman of Publications Committee.
November 1927 - April 1936. - Clara D. Noyes becomes editor and chairman of Publications Committee.
April 1936 - No chairman or editor listed for magazine issue
October 1936 - April 1946. - Claire P. Craigen becomes editor and chairman of Publications Committee with several changes of associate editors, including Helen Athey, Ernestine Weidenbch, Loula Kennedy, Miriam Ames, and Mildred Struve.
October 1946 - Mildred Struve becomes acting editor and chairman of the Publications Committee with Miriam Ames remaining as associate editor.
January 1947 - January 1948. - Judith Anderson becomes editor and chairman of Publications Committee with Miriam Ames and Mildred Struve remaining as associate editors.
April 1948 and July 1948. - Miriam Ames becomes acting editor and chairman of Publications Committee for one issue of magazine with Mildred Struve as associate editor.
July 1948. - Mae Ermer McNeill, Executive Secretary of the Johns Hopkins Nurses Alumnae Association, becomes editor and chairman of Publications Committee with Miriam Ames as acting editor and chairman of Publications Committee, with Mildred Struve as associate editor.
October 1948 - July 1954. - Mae Ermer McNeill remains as editor and chairman of Publications Committee with series of associate editors including Miram Ames, Mildred Struve, Dessie Ingram, Marion Fox, Cecilia McMahon, Mary Guthrie, Betty B. Scher, Ruth Preston, Eleanor W. Serio.
October 1954 - October 1955. - Mae Ermer McNeill remains editor of the magazine with Ruth Preston as chairman of the Editorial Committee.
January 1956 - July 1956. - Betty Liggett Cuthbert becomes chairman of the Publications Committee with Mae Ermer McNeill as editor and with Eleanor W. Serio and Carolyn Seibert as associate editors.
October 1956 - January 1959 - Betty B. Scher becomes chairman of the Publications Committe with Mae Ermer McNeill continuing as editor of the magazine and several changes of associate editors that include Bettye Easley, Nancy Beverley, Mary Frances Hayduk, Marjorie Heinbockel, Mary Donish, and Harriet Brodkin.
April 1959 - October 1959. - Betty B. Scher assumes role as editor of the magazine along with chairman of the Publications Committee.
January 1960 - October 1960. - Helena Lu-Affatt Kurban assumes the role of editor of the magazine while Betty Scher remains as chairman of the Publications Committee.
January 1961 - December 1961. - Marjorie Anne Minnick Lamb becomes chairman of the Publications Committee and Allie Sanborn becomes editor with Carolyn Pope Boitnott as Associate Editor.
March 1962 - December 1962. - Florence E. Smith becomes chairman of the Publications Committee and Carolyn Pope Boitnott becomes editor with Jeanne A. Dougherty as associate editor.
March 1963 - December 1964. - Katherine Clemson Turner becomes chairman of the Publications Committee and Mary Kuntz becomes editor of the magazine with Jeanne Dougherty as associate editor. (Jeanne Doughtery marries and becomes Jeanne Doughtery McCloskey.)
March 1965 - December 1969. - Mary Kuntz continues as editor with no one named as chairman of Publications Committee.
March 1970 - December 1970. - Suzanne Buckson Crowder becomes editor of the magazine.
March 1971 - December 1971. - Mary Kuntz resumes position as editor of magazine.
April 1972 - Spring 1973. - Magazine published two times a year with newsletter published twice annually.
July 1973 through Oct. 1974. - Robin Arnold Vahle becomes editor of the magazine and newsletter with Betty Scher as co-chairman.
January 1975 - November 1977 - Carolyn Kirby Reikenis and Susan Appling become co-chairmen of the magazine and newsletter.
January 1978 - October 1979 - Katherine Hopkins becomes editor of the magazine and newsletter. No issue published in fall 1978.
January 1980 - July 1980 - Carol Christmyer and Linda Norris become co-editors of the magazine. No issues ofthe newsletter were published.
May 1981 - Linda Norris is co-editor with Cheryl Mador. May 1981 is the only issue published until September 1982.
September 1982 - July 1983 - Catherine Novak becomes editor of magazine and newsletter. Only two issues published plus one newsletter.
January 1984 - Fall 1984. - Allie Sanborn and Susan Appling become co-editors of magazine and newsletter.
January 1985 - Winter 1989 - Allie Sanborn remains as editor with Susan Appling becoming assistant editor publishing three issues of magazines annually. Three issues published until 1988, then reduced to twice a year.
1990 - No issues published in 1990.
Fall 1991 - Summer 1992. - Susan Appling becomes editor of revived computer-enhanced printing of publication.
Winter 1993 - Winter 2002. - Betty Scher becomes editor of Vigilando magazine. Kim Stroud Perez is co-editor for Spring 1994 issue.
Spring 2003 and Fall 2003. - Kate Pipkin becomes editor of new Johns Hopkins Nursing -- joint publication of Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing and Johns Hopkins Nurses Alumni Association. The new publication includes a "Vigilando" section featuring alumni news.
Winter 2003 - A final issue of Vigilando is published with Betty Scher as editor. This issue focuses on the 2003 Homecoming.
Scope and Content:
Since the beginning of the nursing alumnae magazine in 1901 to its end in 2003 little about its contents has changed, although the sophistication of and the quantity in certain areas have grown. Despite the turnovers and changes with the leadership, consistency has been noted in the contents of the magazine. In the first issue in 1901, the staff asked for “patience,” “cooperation,” and “voluntary contributions.” In 2000, the staff echoed the same needs. In every issue, the emphasis on nursing and nursing issues took precedence over other general subjects. Throughout its existence, members of the Alumni Association faithfully contributed articles and news of interest to the alumni for publication.
The first issue (Volume 1 Number 1) contained the report of the Business Meeting of the Nurses Alumnae Association, then held quarterly. The coverage included the reports of the various committees of the Association, e.g. Membership, Finance, Gate House Shop, Sick Benefit Fund, Endowment, Publication (or Editorial), as well as Special Committees. This coverage was maintained faithfully and in the last issue of the magazine (Winter 2002), the minutes and proceedings of the Annual Meeting are reported in detail. The first issue also included news of activities in the School of Nursing, another constant piece of content maintained throughout the years. Another article wrote of the opening of the new Orthopedic Clinic, which began the magazine’s consistency in keeping up-to-date with changes in both the school of nursing and the hospital itself. For example, in the January 1940 issue, brief articles with photographs wrote of the new school of nursing library and of the equally new Nurses’ Infirmary.
Just as the details of graduation were covered as activities of the School of Nursing, also included were the speeches delivered during these proceedings. But speeches given at other occasions such as Homecoming also were included. In the July 1902 and 1906 issues, Dr. Henry Hurd’s commencement speeches were printed as was Dr. Howard Kelly’s Homecoming speech in the December issue of that year. In 1906, Dr. Hurd’s newer commencement speech was printed and in the August 1918 issue, Dr. Thomas Cullen’s speech at Homecoming appeared. This practice was constant. And finally, in the Summer 2000 issue appeared the speech at Pinning Ceremony by the Senior Class Advisor, Lori Edwards.
The first issue (Volume 1 Number 1) included Class News primarily about the professional, but also the personal, lives of the nursing alumnae, a section that grew as the number of alumnae increased. It also included a listing of the Marriages and Births within the group, another section that continued throughout its long history. Added to this continuing list was a listing of the Deaths, as they began to occur, first appearing in the December 1903 issue.
Editorials also began in this first issue and continued fairly consistently in the magazine. These not only expressed the opinions of the editors but just as often discussed the contents of the issue. In a December issue of 1903, the editorials included an assessment of the first two years of the endeavor; the resignation of its first editor, Ada Carr; new work in following tubercular patients at Hopkins; the new Training School Library, as well as several other professional topics. Editorials also addressed national and even world social problems such as women suffrage and the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Both editorials and articles frequently addressed the status of public health nursing, a field in which Hopkins nurse graduates pioneered. Sufficient money was always a problem and this need was constantly addressed, finding its way into the editorials in both the Summer 1995 and the Spring 2001 issues.
Although primarily for professional articles, there was the occasional strictly personal account by an alumna, usually of a vacation. In this first issue was an article on an Outing in Idaho. In April 1941 appeared an article by Catherine Wright, Class of 1908, on My Trip to Mexico. This was another practice continued through the 100 years of the magazine.
Of special note was the coverage during World War I and World War II with letters and articles “From the War Zone” where Hopkins had two overseas medical units, Johns Hopkins Base Hospital #18 and Army Hospital #2 in World War I and General Hospitals 18 and 118 during World War II. During World War I many articles appeared and even more long letters, descriptive of nursing work in general terms and specific occurrences of service during the war. Some of the authors were Amy MacMahon, Class of 1903, Clara Noyes, Class of 1896, Claire Craigen, Class of 1912, Ellen LaMotte, Class of 1902, all of whom continually sent letters to the alumnae magazine. Of unique interest were the frequent letters sent by Alice Fitzgerald, Class of 1906, who served overseas as the Edith Cavell Memorial Nurse during World War I. Coverage of the Hopkins nurse during World War II continued via both personal articles and letters. In addition, the Red Cross became more active in soliciting recruits; after the end of World War II, many nurses left the military and joined the Red Cross to give service during domestic emergencies. Also during World War II, many of the student nurses joined the Cadet Nurse Corps, led by a Hopkins alumna, Lucile Petry, Class of 1927, and letters in the magazine covered these experiences. In the October 1941 issue are the adventures of two alumnae (Sylvia Oiness, Class of 1938, and Marian McGill, Class of 1936) in two separate articles that describe the sinking of their ships and their subsequent rescue.
Public Health Nursing was a subject frequently covered in the magazine in its earlier years, probably due in large part to the role different alumnae played in its development. Both Isabel Hampton Robb and Adelaide Nutting felt a great responsibility for developing public health services for the community. Evelyn Pope Lord, Class of 1891, began the organization of the Instructive Visiting Nurse Association in Baltimore. The work was continued by Ada Carr, Class of 1893. Later, Mary Lent, Class of 1895, took it over and developed it to a fully operating service. The alumnae magazine always included a summary of the yearly activities of the Public Health nurse and articles describing the activities of the public health organization all around the world. Articles in the magazine wrote of district nursing in China, Canada, Minnesota, New York, Boston, Cleveland among other states or cities or countries. Public Health also was included in the curriculum of the student nurse at Hopkins, especially when a second community base was opened for more students (Miriam Ames, Class of 1914, Volume 34 Number 1, pages 17 – 19). Coverage of the Public Health nursing slowed considerably after the thirties, surfacing in the magazine for annual reports and when articles with individual experiences were sent in by alumnae. In Volume 91 Number 1 Annie Richardson, Class of 1991, writes of her experiences in Ghana and Mikhaila Barg, Class of 1991, tells of her experiences in El Salvador.
Also of special note has been the consistent coverage of the rugged path of the school of nursing to a collegiate school of nursing, a journey that really began in the thoughts of Isabel Hampton Robb, proceeded to the brain and spirit of Adelaide Nutting and from her through the years to all who became Hopkins nursing graduates. As early as 1902, in his address to the graduating class, Dr. Hurd spoke of “women and men of better education” seeking training as nurses. In her graduation address in May, 1903 (Vol.2 #3), Mrs. Robb spoke of the need for more skilled teachers as she advanced the principle of “paid instruction.” In 1907, Miss Nutting advocated a three year program with a six month preparatory course (Vol. 6 #1). In 1914, convinced that professional schools needed their own endowments, the Alumnae Association began its Endowment Fund Committee which remained active throughout the following years. Minor adjustments and advancements in the School program were made during the next 30 to 40 years as the School gained in stature among schools of nursing throughout the world. Efforts continued to increase the money donated to the Endowment Fund. Efforts also were made to increase the education requirements for admission to two years of college as “desirable” but not “essential.” For several years in the late 40’s, college graduation became the educational entrance requirement, but was discontinued because the classes became too small. The hospital school of nursing closed after graduation in 1973. It was followed for a few years by the School of Health Services Nursing Education Program, which closed in 1979. In 1983, under Carol Gray, the current collegiate school opened as the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing.
In addition to the articles that appeared consistently, there were other features that were seen. Book Reviews of various lengths began in March 1907 by V. M. MacDonald who wrote brief reviews of books to be enjoyed by nurses and patients for pleasure, none for professional purposes. In the May, 1910 issue, Ruth Brewster Sherman, Class of 1901, began her consistent feature with either single sentence comments or more detailed opinions of the reviewer. These Book Reviews continued until 1944 with either Miss Sherman or “guest reviewers.” From that time on, a book review was an uncommon feature in the magazine.
In the Winter 1998 issue came the first of what was planned to be a series called Unforgettable Moments, a “series” that lasted for only two issues. Round Table discussions also were featured in only two issues -- the Spring issues of 1998 and 1999, one on Ethical Dilemmas in Nursing and the other on Nursing in the Nineties and Into the Millenium, both discussions being led by Jeannette Ollodart Marx, Class of 1957.
Although there were times when the editor of the magazine served for only brief periods, several alumnae held the position for ten years or more. Some served for a period of time, then returned to the position in later years. Ada M. Carr, Class of 1893, was the first editor for two years, returning for a few issues until 1913. Mary Bartlett Dixon Cullen, Class of 1903, served from 1913 until 1927. She was followed by Clara Noyes, Class of 1893, who served for ten years from 1927 to April 1936 as did her successor Claire Craigen, Class of 1912, until 1936. Mary Kuntz, Class of 1943, also took the position from 1963 until 1973, followed by Betty Borenstein Scher, Class of 1950, from 1973 until the cessation of publication in 2002.
Vigilando stopped publication after the 2002 issues, becoming a section of the new Johns Hopkins Nursing Magazine, which is where it stands today.