The "special assessment" upon the members is for money for a Benefit Fund to support various causes or activities. One such activity is to help support the establishment of a American Journal of Nursing. Another is to assist in maintaining a course in Economics at Teachers' College in Columbia University. Other causes for our support include the Mt. Kisco village district nursing and funding sending delegates to the meetings of the national nurses' group. The unwillingness to raise dues for these purposes then requires contributions. There is the request for the members of the Association to consider the matter and to send in their opinions so that proper decisions can be made.
A new program in Boston by a nurse teaches women how to care for members of the family not sick enough for hospital care. The course includes care of the patient's room, of the patient himself, of the equipment, the diet. (Taken from the article from the Boston Post newspaper)
[Article 2:1] Nursing at the Adirondack Cottage Sanitarium. — March 1903
Creator: Kernan, Agnes C.
This article writes principally of the nursing responsibilities at the sanitarium as it extols the system of care and the positive results of the sanitarium with its cottage system for patients. It also tells some of the specifics, especially of the patient teaching to prevent spread of the illness. The nursing here is different from that in a hospital ward where all patients can be seen all the time, but it is a successful and happy kind of nursing here.
[Article 2:1] Private Nursing in New York City, From Another Point of View. — March 1903
Creator: Conover, Alice B.
This article is a short account of the experiences of a Hopkins' graduate "breaking into" the field as a private duty nurse in New York City. It tells of a certain difficulty and resistance in starting out there, but her eventual success in this field of nursing.
This is a continuation of the series of articles published in previous issues on new events/buildings in the hospital. This article highlights improvements in the Nurses' Home, adjustments made due to increases in size of the student body, new storage rooms, etc.
[Article 2:1] Report from the Nurses' Settlement, Richmond, VA. — March 1903
Creator: Cabaniss, Sadie H.
This is a progress report for Instructive Visiting Nursing in Richmond, VA. after a year in operation. It gives statistics of numbers of patients seen and treatments given, introduction of improved nursing at an Alms-House Hospital in Richmond where young women are taught to be better attendants, the problems encountered from local government to set up a code of "regular" hospital regulations, establishment of social clubs for boys and girls, continued work to establish a Metropolitan Registry for Nurses there in Virginia plus the extra efforts to create required State Regislation for nurses, a bill currently before the General Assembly..
The Quarter Club was formed to arouse interest and support for the building of a tuberculosis sanitarium in Maryland. This article is a progress report as it reviews some of the activities during the former period. These have included a distribution of small collection books for quarters, a piano and song recital, several monetary contributions, and a series of planned lectures.
Minutes of the proceedings of the regular quarterly meeting of the Alumnae Association giving the summaries of the Treasurer, the committee reports, the heating of the Nurses' Club House. Also on the agenda were a talk on Civil Service Reform and a discussion of the work of agencies and local governments in relation to child labor.
Creator: Nutting, M. Adelaide (Mary Adelaide), 1858-1948
This is a report on the progress of the American Journal of Nursing as determined at its recent stockholders' meeting. The magazine, financially, has shown a little profit and a small dividend has been declared. The rest of the article is an appeal to nurses to assist in the support of the venture financially as well as practically.
[Article 2:1] The District Nurse, -- An Indispensable Factor in Charitable Work. — March 1903
The nurse is a welcome help to families in this charitable work. She is looked upon by the family as an educated and well-trained person. When one renders this help to the family and to society in general, that person deserves to be reimbursed. Charitable institutions have this responsibility. The writer then concludes with special mention of tuberculosis and the important role of the nurse in teaching the family how to prevent the spread of the disease. (Remarks made by Walter S. Ufford at the Annual Meeting of the Instructive Visiting Nurse Association of Baltimore.)
The first good idea cites the new plans in New York City and Philadelphia for tuberculosis dispensaries. In addition, a vigorous campaign has been planned on the prevention of Tuberculosis. The second "good idea" is an anecdote for the Visiting Nurse Association, as it had been given at a banquet of the Chicago Medical society. It was the story of a good nurse told in biblical language and setting of the nurse who saw a child and took care of him after the child being all but ignored by other passers-by.
This extract from the Boston Paper tells of the idyllic and calm life of a small population on a little island off the coast of Maine called "Ragged Island" on the charts but known as "Crie Haven" (in honor of a former early resident).
[Article 2:2] Bill Passed in New York Nurses' Bill is Signed. — June 1903
Single paragraph quote from the New York Paper stating the signing by the New York governor of a bill for the examination and registration of nurses.
This article tells of the work done at Wilson Sanitarium to cure or treat "cholera infantum" giving the details of the development of the antitoxin. At the time of this article, the antitoxin will not be perfected for many months, but there is confidence in its success. Also, because of this work, Dr. Flexner has been appointed the Director of the new Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research.
Covered in this section are the following: the responses on the "Special Assessment" and the announcement that it will be discussed at the next Annual Meeting, some discussion of the Benefit Fund and its purpose, and the question of the formation of a State Association in Maryland plus a unified effort for the passing by the state government of State Registration, which already has become reality in North Carolina and Virginia.
Excerpt from a British magazine, The Hospital, praising the work of the London School Nurses' Society in providing visiting nurses for the "poorer public elementary schools." It also states the need for more funds to increase this necessary work.
Also included in this section are four longer pieces of news: an extract from a letter from Etha Butcher (1901) from India, a second letter on "hot water supplies" from Agnes Irvine (1894), a humorous bit of advice to a nurse taking a young patient to California, and a simple remedy for Carbolic Acid poisoning.
Minutes of the proceedings of the regular quarterly meeting of the Alumnae Association held on April 18, 1903, including the summary of the discussion on the proposed changes in the constitution and by-laws to be addressed at the Annual Meeting, plans for which also were discussed. Included, too, are the summary of the Treasurer's report, several letters sent to Miss Barnard about the "Special Assessment," and the request by the national alumnae group for writing a paper on "Ethics" for presentation at its next meeting.
[Article 2:2] Report of the Work Done by the Woman's Club of Roland Park During the Past Three Years Read by Mrs. Benjamin Cochrane at the First Public Meeting of the Consumers' League of Maryland, April 17, 1903. — June 1903
This lengthy report deals with the efforts of a local women's group to promote the retail products of the Consumers League which represents the manufactured results of women who are paid decent wages and work under decent working conditions as opposed to cheaper products mad by "sweatshop workers" under the most vile conditions. The first work of the group was educational so that people understood the "meaning of the label." The merchants had to be convinced to carry these goods and and the purchasers to purchase them, even though more expensive. The work has been expanded through the Press and the inspection of the producing factories. (Read at the first public meeting of the Consumers' League of Maryland, April 17, 1903)
[Article 2:2] Report Read at the Annual Meeting of the State Federation of Women's Clubs. — June 1903
Creator: Rutherford, Anna E.
This report from the president of the JHH Nurses' Alumnae Association covers the activities of the group during the previous year. Included during that year were papers and discussions of the work of the Consumers' League, Civil Service regorm, Child Labor, and State Registration for Nurses. The summary of the work on each of these topics is included in her report, with a longer discussion on the matter of State Registration for Nurses to ensure a high standard for all nurses in the state, as a protection to the patients as well as protection for qualified nurses.
This article writes of the details of the recently passed bill to regulate nurses and nursing in the state of Virginia. The new law sets standards for the schools of nursing and the certification of graduates. It also includes an excerpt from a letter from Sadie Cabaniss, Class of 1893, on some of the details of the work of convincing the legislature of the importance of such a bill.
A satirical "fable" about a physician who gets sick and his experiences in the hospital as he recovers. The story cleverly tells how a doctor reacts to illness as the patient, how the people tending him seem to him now that he is the patient who "was not supposed to have any common sense or to use his own brain." The moral is stated as "A Doctor can learn a heap about his own Business if he tries being a Patient."
This brief article from a publication called "Charities" describes the establishment of this "resort for consumptives" in the small town of Indio in Southern California and the hourly rest cure prescribed while living there.
This is the account of the activities during the recent graduation exercises, including a summary of the speech by Mrs. Robb (printed in its entirety later in this issue)and the listing of the scholarships presented.
This single editorial introduces the contents of this issue as the publishing of the activities and reports of the Annual Meeting. It urges, however, the reading of the speech of Mrs. Robb as given at the graduation. Finally, it announces that the magazine seems no longer in danger of stopping, but has become the official "organ" of the Association.
[Article 2:3] Eleventh Annual Report of the Alumnae Association of the Johns Hopkins Hospital Training School for Nurses 1902 - 1903. — August 1903
The first page of this article is a listing of the new officers, Board of Directors, and committees of the Association. The minutes of the Annual Meeting follow and include the proceedings during the meetings, a lengthy President's Report, a full Treasurer's Report, and the reports of several committees.
This is an account of the work of The Nurses' Settlement in New York to give service to the "many and serious cases of contagious disease" in the New York tenements. The efforts were so successful that the Department of Health took over the program. Then, quoting the article by Miss Dock, the article gives details of the handling of the problems and the great progress that has been made.
[Article 2:3] Extracts from a Recent Letter from Dr. E. O. Cleaver, Class of '91. — August 1903
Creator: Parrott, Emma Osborn Cleaver
In these extracts from her letter, Dr. Cleaver (JHSON 1891) writes from the Margaret Wiliamson Hospital in Shanghai, China of some of her patients and her feelings regarding them and their impoverished lives.
Two longer accounts are in this issue: one from Anna Rutherford (1891) about a Summer school in philanthropic work in New York; the second from the annual report of the Ellen Morris Wood Memorial District Nursing Association.
In this article, the writer gives a dozen examples of new fields of work that women have made quite successful. She cites, in greater or lesser detail, a bakery for homemade bread, a tea room developing into a College Inn, a deluxe Sunshine Laundry, an employment business that assures cooperation and satisfaction from both the domestic employee and the home owner, Social Secretary for a department store, plus several other innovative and successful businesses. Her big point with all of this is to show how educated women can be successful in any enterprise that interests them as the "industrial, commercial, and sociological fields" all are open to them.
[Article 2:3] Sixth Annual Convention of the Nurses Associated Alumnae of the United States (1) Programme. (2) Delegates' Report. — August 1903
Creator: Cabaniss, Sadie H.
The first two pages consist of the listing of the program for the three-day convention. The Delegates' Report gives the detailed proceedings of the convention with discussions of the need for better preliminary education before nursing school and the value of state registration. The meetings also included much time given to a revision of the constitution of the group. There is mention of the different reports and papers given during the meetings. In a separate addendum, the article cites the paper on "Ethics" given by the chairman of the JHH delegation, Sadie Cabaniss.
[Article 2:3] The Quality of Thoroughness in Nurses An Address to the Graduating Class at The Johns Hopkins Hospital Training School, May 28, 1903. — August 1903
Creator: Robb, Isabel Hampton, 1859-1910
In this speech, Mrs. Robb speaks of the "lack of thoroughness" as being the lack of knowledge of household activities which she says is not a subject for the training school but should have been learned from childhood in the home. She, therefore, is calling for the improvement of the total education of women just as they need to be held in elevated status in our society. She also speaks of the need for the prevention of disease by the establishment of school nursing.
Just as 11 years before, these charitable "milk depots" are open to attempt to decrease infant mortality and increase the health of the poor in New York City. This year, in addition to the regular depots, they also can be found in the public summer schools. This charitable work is in memory of the child that the benefactor, Nathan Straus, himself, had lost.
This speech, given to the nurse alumnae at its regular quarterly meeting, goes over what is being done to help various types of "needy children," reviewing what is currently available and what is --so frequently desperately -- still needed. The history and work of McDonough School for boys, the Samuel Ready School for girls, and the Henry Watson Children's Aid Society is given in moderate detail. Emphasis also is given to the efforts and goal to keep children in their own homes, as it is to getting all children a good education.
[Article 2:4] Editorial Notes (1) At the End of Two Years. (2) Miss Carr's Resignation. (3) Miss Thelin's New Work. (4) The Training School Library. (5) An Alumnae Scrap-Book. (6) A Look into the Future. (7) For the Next Number. — December 1903
(1) On its second anniversary, the publication group looks back on the objectives and the achievements. (2) Praise for Ada Carr upon her resignation of editor of the Alumnae Magazine. (3) Announcement of the appointment of Reba Thelin, Class of 1903, as the visiting nurse for tubercular patients, also a review of her work to that point in this new position. (4) Announcement of additions to the school library plus an appeal for more donations. (5) Suggestion that a book of records be kept for the activities of the Alumnae Association. (6) Columbia University is considering the building of a hospital and this editorial puts forth the hope that there will be the inclusion of the nurses now attending Teachers' College. (7) Intoduction to an article in this issue on the proceedings to form a Maryland State Society of Nurses.
This section contains articles or excerpts from articles in various medical publications. The first is about the very successful work of the Henry Street Settlement in New York City. Following this is a brief announcement of the establishment of a service for medical inspection of schools by Philadelphia. Next is an excerpt from the American Medicine magazine about the move, as noted about Hopkins, to have "nurse-training schools" on an "educational basis," i.e. giving no pay to student nurses, etc. This move is applauded in the article as the effort of "nurses to elevate their profession." Several excerpts give high praise to Mrs. Robb's graduation address at the JH school of nursing and give lengthy quotes from it. A final very short item writes of the home for nurses being built by the Presbyterian Hospital in New York City.
Two letters are in this section. First is a letter from an 1899 graduate giving an update on news of alumnae in the St. Paul, MN area. The second is a donation of $10 plus a poem in appreciation of the care received as a patient who signs his note G. P. Atient, M.D.
This quarterly report cites the improvement in the Club House with the installation of hot water heating for every room in the residence, two new appointments, and the listing of the expenses of the club during the previous quarter.
This account of the regular quarterly meeting of the Nurses' Alumnae gives a summary of the Treasuer's Report, the Finance Committee, Publication Commmittee, the report of the Visiting Nurse, plus an ammendment to the Constitution made necessary because of the change in dues.
First, there is a listing of the appointments to the nursing staff in the hospital and training school for the following year. There also is a brief annoncement of the nursing activities of the last graduates of the school. Finally there is an account of the Christmas celebrations at the hospital, especially those provided for the children, including Santa Claus and some gifts.
[Article 2:4] The Maryland State Association of Graduate Nurses (1) Address of Mrs. William M. Ellicott. (2) Address of Honorable Henry D. Harlan. (3) Address of Dr. William H. Welch. — December 1903
Creator: Harlan, Henry D. ; Welch, William Henry, 1850-1934.
After two years of consideration, the Maryland State Association of Graduate Nurses is now a reality. The beginning of this article tells of the development of the group. Following that are several speeches to the group. The first speech, by Mrs. William Ellicott, recalled the efforts of her father to bring "trained" nurses to Hopkins and the work of her organization to bring the graduate trained nurse to the community. The second speech, by Henry Harlan Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, spoke on the "Objects and Benefits" of legislation to get state registration for nurses so that standards for education and for nurses could be regulated. The third speech, by Dr. William Welch, of the work of the medical profession to achieve what is being sought now by nursing, i.e. state registration that establishes standards for nurses.
Several improvements and additions to the Union Protestant Infirmary (now Union Memorial Hospital of Baltimore) are given. These include a new Children's Ward for 26 patients, better accommodations for the nurses, an increase to 100 patients in the capacity of the hospital, the summary of the three-year training program for the student nurses, the organization of a nurses' alumnae group, plus the listing of the nursing appointments for the year.
[Article 2:4] The Work of Our Visiting Nurses (1) The Nurses' Settlement of Richmond. (2) District Nursing in Washington. (3) The Year's Work of the Visiting Nurses in Baltimore. (4) St. Martha's House. (5) Short Tales of the District. (6) New Ways of Nursing in Typhoid Fever. — December 1903
Creator: Washington, Hallie Lee ; Lent, Mary E. ; Madeira, Edith ; Holman, Nora Kathleen ; Lawler, Elsie M.
(1) This organization has many facets and activities. The IVNS of Richmond is headquartered here; every resident must contribute something of "time, talent, or means" which has included teaching of various skills or subjects. A training class for caregivers has been started. Work has also shown corruption in several philantrophies and this has been remedied. All of this has been achieved in three years with very little money. (2) The work of the single nurse IVNS nurse of Washington has been very successful in its varied work with support from many helpful philanthropic local institutions: hospitals, homes for the aged, childrens' guardian groups, churches, diet kitchens, public school teachers among the many. (3) This is a summary of the very successful IVNS of Baltimore with the emphasis on both care of the ill and prevention of illness by teaching of the families and provision of necessary foods. Among the illnesses seen were typhoid fever, pneumonia, tuberculosis, other infectious diseases. Notice also is given to the help provided by philanthropic groups. (4) This Church Settlement House in a remote area in Philadelphia was established and met with almost immediate and overflowing success. Among the work have been care of the ill with doctors in their homes, teaching families, provision of milk for infants and children, and a "loan closet." (5) This article contains many brief anecdotes showing the superstitions of the various ethnic groups to prevent or treat different illnesses, e.g specific foods used to reduce fevers, the poison in the "first finger," beer for a sick infants. (6) Although there is an established method at Hopkins for the treatment of typhoid fever with cold sponge baths, there are new and almost contradictory methods to treat it. First, there is the "hot" treatment as opposed to the "cold" one; next, there is the "starvation" therapy. And both have proved quite successful. And the writer asks for others to be sent to her.