Brief announcements on: upcoming conference of Visiting Nurses to be held in Portland, Maine; new rule for Registry nurses; date of next meeting of the JHH Nurses' Alumnae Association; annual meeting of the national group of nursing alumnae; a reminder to pay your dues.
Beginning its work in 1897 with three playgrounds, the Children's Playground Association of Baltimore had by 1903 twenty-two playgrounds in operation. The many activities and resources of these playgrounds is discussed, including some group education, singing, crafts. The article then writes of the sources of support, the work of the Association, and the officers of this group.
Copy of the circular sent by the Association to all graduate nurses in Baltimore asking for nurses as visiting nurses, more of whom are needed due to the effects of the Great Fire in Baltimore.
[Article 3:1] Editorials (1) Unclothed, but Still in our Right Mind. (2) State Registration in Maryland. (3) Our Hospital's Losses. (4)What the Alumnae is Doing to Help. (5) The Women's Relief Committee. (6) Nurses and the War in the East. (7)An Army Reserve. (8) Eligible List of Volunteer Nurses.(9) A New Enterprise. — March 1904
(1) Explanation for lack of usual blue cover to this issue of the Magazine. (2), (3) & (4) Devastation caused by the recent fire that destroyed so many of the properties owned by the hospital and from which rent was a source of revenue for the hospital. Help is desperately needed. Donations coming in to the Nurses' Alumnae Association to help those whose jobs were destroyed. Some prominent women in Baltimore have formed a Women's Relief Committee to help find jobs for those women needing employment. (5) At the present time, no more nurses are needed in Japan to care for the sick and wounded there. (6) & (7) An appeal from the War Department for a list of "acceptable graduate nurses" willing to volunteer to help the United States in any emergency. Also present are the qualifications for this and how to apply for enrollment. (8) An announcement from someone who has set up a business in New York to supply services and supplies in the home.
The article is divided into three (3) sections. First, a 6-month course in "domestic training" is included in the curriculum; the description of this course is included. Second,instruction in the "practical and theoretical" in all phases of the nursing work, e.g. sterilization, making of supplies, dietetics etc. is part of the curriculum in the school. The third section is a brief paragraph on how to add courses to "supplement later scientific work." (This article is copied for the magazine from The Baltimore Sun.)
These are the minutes of the proceedings of the regular Quarterly Meeting of the Nurses' Alumnae Association held on January 30, 1904. This includes summaries of the regular committee reports. There was discussion about life membership and there were several short papers by our various Visiting Nurses.
The article deals with changes in nursing staff in the hospital, the twice-weekly course on the history of nursing taught in the school of nursing, and the special courses or lectures on various topics in social service.
[Article 3:1] The Report of the Visiting Nurse in Homes of Tuberculous Patients for Seven Weeks. — March 1904
Creator: Reed, Reiba Thelin
Formerly done by a medical student, these visits now are being done by a graduate nurse who is able to do more frequent follow-up care and checking. This arrangement was suggested by Miss Nutting to Dr. Osler, who agreed to the plan. The work during these visits is described and the report concludes with the statistics of the numbers and follow-ups for the patients seen.
The first gathering of its kind ever held in the United States, the Tuberculosis Exposition was held at McCoy College at JHU for the purpose of discussing all parts of the disease, with the emphasis on the solution being prevention, facilities for care, and cure. Multiple speeches, exhibits, discussions were held on the problem. The exposition was extended because of the enormous attendance.
[Article 3:1] The Work of Our Visiting Nurses (1) A Word from Henry Street. (2) Nursing in the Sea and Land District. (3) The Omaha Visiting Nurses' Association. — March 1904
Creator: Schorer, Margaret Shrive ; Packard, Rhoda Grace ; Rogers, Anna Millard
(1) An alumna's letter tells of her work via a description of the various visits for various reasons during a single day in New York city. (2) After giving the description of the diverse populations in this area and the landmarks within, the article describes the variety of work of the visiting nurses in the area. The article also describes much of the poverty and accompanying problems in different parts of the area. (3) In Omaha, the author relates beginning with no organization behind her, then progressing to a second nurse, followed by an organization. The fees -- or lack of them so frequently -- are according to ability to pay; much of the support comes from volunteer groups.
The writer tells of the accomplishments of a member of the Class of 1894 in establishing a training school for nurses in Naples, Italy. This was achieved by Grace Baxter, Class of 1894, with no government backing, no support, and even protests and antagonism from the physicians. She had support only from one woman, the Princess Strongoli. The writer also tells that the Italian students support themselves during the education, that Miss Baxter has written almost all the textbooks herself in Italian.
Beginning in October of 1903, the small town of Butler in Pennsylvania suffered a most severe typhoid epidemic. Finally, increased help came into the town and the cause of the epidemic was determined to be in the water resources used by the town. Through the untiring work of the Relief Committee, fresh water supplies were brought in as the contaminated waters were treated. Everything and everyone in the small town was opened to the workers and those in need. There were 1360 cases in this town of 16,000; there were 116 deaths including two doctors and 20 nurses.
[Article 3:2] Editorials (1) Mr. Rockefeller's Gift. (2) State Registration. (3) Paid Pupils or Paid Instructors. (4) Graduating Addresses. (5)The Care of Typhoid Fever. (6) The Exhibit of our School at St. Louis. (7) Graduation Day. (8) At St. Louis. (9) The Portland Conference. — June 1904
(1) Acknowledgment and gratitude for financial gift from the Rockefeller Foundation to the medical school and school of nursing to help in the recovery from the effects of the recent Great Baltimore Fire. (2) Formation of the State Board of Examining Nurses, its membership and the importance of registration. (3) Three New York schools of nursing have eliminated pay for students, using the money to pay the instructors in the schools. (4) Topics of two graduating addresses given by Dr. Henry Hurd, one in Albany, NY, the other in Michigan. (5) A paragraph giving the information for an article on Typhoid Fever in the Journal of the American Medication Association. (6) Description of and praise for a recent exhibit of JHH School of Nursing for the Exposition in St. Louis as copied from the newspaper in St. Louis.(7) Description of Graduation Day at the School of Nursing, including the listing of the scholarship awards. (8) Announcement that copies of the Alumnae Magazine and various articles printed in it will be found at the St. Louis Exposition. (9) Brief paragraph citing the participation of specific nursing alumnae at the upcoming Conference of Visiting Nurses in Portland, Maine.
Besides the regular short news items, this section contains a letter from Mary Nelson, Class of 1894, about her work in New York as a Tuberculosis Nurse. The section also contains several communications from Miss Nutting about State Registration for nurses.
The minutes and proceedings of the regular quarterly meeting of the JHH Alumnae Association held of April 23, 1904 include summaries of the reports of the treasurer and the different committees, a listing of contributors to the Fire Fund, several notes of appreciation for donations to those providing help to the various groups in their work after the Great Fire of 1904, a report of the work in connection with the Thomas Wilson Sanitarium, another report from our delegate to the Maryland State Federation of Women's Clubs.
In this speech, the speaker first discusses the nurse in general, how she is not just an extension of the physician, but a professional in her own right. He then presents the failings and strengths of different types of nurses, emphasizing their role in the prevention of disease and the relief of the sick -- without any ulterior motive (e.g. adding religious converts to a cause). The speaker then presents a general picture of philanthropy and proceeds to present the nurse who encloses the best of nursing and the philanthropic outlook and objective. He especially highlights the work of the visiting nurse whose recipients are not the sick in that home but really the family because they are the ones who will be taking care of the ill person. (Speech given at graduation of School of Nursing,Class of 1904.)
Creator: Nutting, M. Adelaide (Mary Adelaide), 1858-1948
In this annual report by the head of the nursing in the hospital and the school of nursing, Miss Nutting first cites the work and progress of the hospital: the help after the Great Fire of 1904, the great advantages to community by the hospital and its nurses, especially citing the achievements of Visiting Nurses. In this area, she especially mentions the work of the visiting nurse for tuberculosis patients and the one for pediatric orthopedic patients. In the school, the work progresses well with the addition of the "Preparatory Course." Also cited is the time on duty in the hospital pharmacy to give instruction on drugs. In addition, there now is a single scholarship award to an exceptional student to pursue post-graduate work. There is the establishment of an entrance fee, the desire -- and need --for additional staff as the hospital grows. Finally, she speaks of matters outside of the school: the formation of many alumnae groups in nursing, the growth of the course at Teachers' College, Columbia University, the exhibit for the St. Louis Exposition, and gratitude to Mr. Rockefeller to help recovery from the Great Baltimore Fire.
[Article 3:3] Editorials (1) Life Membership. (2) "A New Departure in the Preparatory School..."(3) State Registration. (4) "The New Clinical Building..." (5)For the Study of Tuberculosis. (6) "Miss E. M. Smedley,..." (7) Florence Nightingale. — August 1904
(1) Progress in the decision about "lifetime membership" in the Alumnae Association is reviewed, with no decision having been made. (2) A 4-week experience in the Pharmacy has been added to the courses in the Probationary period for the student nurses. (3) Establishment by the governor of Maryland of a Commission to ensure "all nurses are properly qualified" and to set the criteria needed for this qualification. (4) Description of the new Clinical Building at Hopkins for the teaching of medicine and surgery and for the practice of surgery. (5) A monetary gift from Henry Phipps has been received to increase the Out-Patient Department for the treatment of tuberculosis patients and for the study of this disease. (6) Announcement and brief discussion of the new book on Institutional Receipts (recipes)written by the former Instructor in Dietetics at JHH. (7) Announcement of the appointment by the king of England of Florence Nightingale to the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.
[Article 3:3] Items of Interest from the Press (1) A Departure in the Training of Nurses. (2) Registration of Nurses in Pennsylvania. . — August 1904
(1) A physician in a graduation speech at a Boston Nurses' Training School emphasized the need for shcools of nursing to be independent of hospitals. He also spoke of certain changes that have advanced the level of this education and elevated the status of nursing. [from the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, June 30, 1904]. (2) Letter written supporting the need for registration of nurses with certain standards, this alumna (1899) states its importance to both the nursing profession and to the public for quality of care. The letter is followed by an editorial in the local paper supporting her position when the bill comes up in the session of the legislature. [from Public Opinion, Chambersburg, PA.]
Creator: Barnard, Helena ; Parrott, Emma Osborn Cleaver ; Barwick, Ethel B.
Three letters from alumnae: one from Helena Barnard about lifetime membership in the Alumnae Association; the second from Emma Cleaver Parrott about limited resources and therefore, resignation from the Association; the third from Ethel Barwick thanking members of the Registry for a gift at her departure for three months.
[Article 3:3] Piqures -- The Italian Method of Giving Medicine. — August 1904
Creator: La Motte, Ellen N.
This article tells of the effectiveness of the new "piqures" method of giving medications for certain illnesses. By "piqures" is meant hypodermic intramuscular injection. Medications given this way go straight to work, with no change in composition, with results seen almost immediately. Also given is the method of administration as well as the relative economy of the process.
[Article 3:3] Suggestions for Educational Standards for State Registration. — August 1904
Creator: Nutting, M. Adelaide (Mary Adelaide), 1858-1948
Long article that covers many aspects about establishing nursing education standards beginning with the educational received by the students applying for the schools -- "a suitable preliminary education." She then presents several ways to achieve this needed requirement. She also gives several other needed requirements for entering students, e.g. physical and moral fitness. Next discussed is the length of the nursing education, establishing three years as the necessary length and pointing out that most schools now have the three-year course. She also discusses the length of days and the times of classes vs. work. She discusses the content of the education as well -- medical, surgical, gynecological and obstetrical patients, plus pediatric care. Another point stressed is that instruction should precede the practical work on the units. She stresses the necessity of a Preparatory Course in the many fundamental areas. She then devotes time to explaining in greater detail the contents of these preparatory courses: Household Economics, Anatomy and Physiology, Materia Medica, the Elements of Nursing. Again, in detail, she discusses the education after this Preparatory Period and how it should be carried out. The basis for the entire discussion is to education nurses at a professional level as opposed to merely technical. (Read at the International Council of Nurses, Berlin by Anna Goodrich in the absence of Miss Nutting.)
[Article 3:3] The Milk Dispensary of the Thomas Wilson Sanitarium. — August 1904
Many of the intestinal disorders of babies and children can be prevented if "suitable" milk is provided. The Wilson Sanitarium has been dispensing this milk to needy mothers/children and now has opened five othr distributing stations. The requirements for receiving this milk are given in this article. (from Extracts from Circulars sent to Physicians)
At the recent Conference of Charities and Correction, a special section was held for those especially interested in tuberculosis. Participants reviewed what was being done in their many cities, the amount of progress and the plans for greater progress. Much discussion also was given to the illness as a social question and the importance of this aspect of the problem.
[Article 3:3] Twelth Annual Report of the Alumnae Association of the Johns Hopkins Hospital Training School for Nurses 1903 - 1904. — August 1904
First, there is the listing of the new officers, members of the Board, Committee chairmen and members. On the next pages are the minutes of the Annual Meeting which includes a complete Treasurer's Report, reports of all standing and special committees, and the speech given during the meetings by Mrs. John Glenn.
[Article 3:3] Visiting Nurses at the National Conference of Charities and Corrections. — August 1904
Creator: Carr, Ada M.
At this annual meeting of the National Conference of Charities and Corrections, the first representative meeting of visiting nurses was held. Their speakers and discussions were scheduled for two days, later extended to three. The topics were varied, all instructive and leading to discussions. Also discussed was the formation of a Federation of Visiting Nurses, but this was rejected for the time being for the privilege of being represented at the annual meetings of the sponsoring organization. There was a large representation from Hopkins as well as attendance from over a dozen other cities.
The writer describes this small hospital in Cambridge, Maryland. There are four floors in two "communicating" buildings, with patients being treated on each floor as well as surgical rooms, dispensaries, and visiting nursing. A much needed new building is being constructed so that more people can be served.
[Article 3:4] Editorials (1) Miss Ross's Resignation. (2) Dr. Osler's Departure. (3) Baltimore Public Schools. (4) Miss Bean's Letter. (5) First Symptoms. — November 1904
(1) Much gratitude and sincere thanks to Miss Ross who has resigned as editor of the Alumnae Magazine. (2) Good bye and many thanks to Dr. and Mrs. Osler as they leave Baltimore to return to England and Oxford University. (3)Introduction to article in this issue on The Trained Nurse in the Public School. (4) Introduction to letter in this issue concerning the dinner for the graduating class by the Alumnae Association. (5) Since recognition of the "first symptoms" of disease is so important in the treatment, this is an appeal to nurses with experience in this area to write about it for the magazine.
Letter from Miss Bean about the very small vote on the revision of the constitution of the Alumnae Association stating the advisability of giving some explanation of each proposed revision to enable those away from Baltimore to vote intelligently.
Short articles or announcements on a variety of subjects: Harvard's plans for the establishment of the first collegiate school of nursing "in the world"; dedication of the new Cambridge Hospital in Maryland; progress in the establishment of an "Infectious Hospital" in Maryland; a medical library in memory of Dr. Osler planned in Baltimore; plans for the development of the Homewood campus of JHU; opening of a "lunch room for working girls" on S. Charles Street; announcement by the Training School for Nurses at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston of its new 4-month preliminary theory courses for the student nurses; opening of a Tuberculosis Dispensary in Cleveland.
Minutes of the actions and proceedings of the regular quarterly meeting of the Alumnae Association held on October 29, 1904, including the summary of committee reports given during the meeting. Committee vacancies were filled, there was a discouraging report from the Publications Committee, and there was a discussion of revisions to the By-laws.
In a paper read before the Kentucky State Dental Association, the speaker emphasized the need for better prophylactic dental care, pointing out that bacteria in the mouth can endanger the entire system. The writer suggests that a visiting nurse could be so important in teaching with follow-up of proper dental care.
[Article 3:4] The Hospital and Training School (1) Appointments on the Nursing Staff for the Years 1904 -1905. (2) Hopkins Surgical Building Dedicated. (3) First Operation in the New Surgical Building. (4) Miss Garrett's Portrait. (5) Mrs. Gills's Bequest. (6) Exhibit at St. Louis Exposition has won the Grand Prize. (7) Update on move for State Registration of nurses. (8) Short special course of study for senior year students intending to do visiting nursing. — November 1904
(1) Listing with a few very short summaries of the nursing staff appointed for the coming year in the hospital and school. Also are a few announcements of staff appointments in other places. (2) Formal dedication of the new Surgical Building at Hopkins. (3) Brief paragraph on the first operation in the new building with several surgeons taking part. (4) New hanging in McCoy Hall is the portrait of Mary Garrett whose financial gift made possible the opening of the Medical School as well as the admission of women as well as men to the school. (5) Money left in will of Mrs. Gill to be used for the "pleasurable benefit" of the nurses. (6) Other untitled paragraphs on various subjects: the school's winning the Grand Prize at the recent St. Louis Exposition, qualifying for registration to comply with the recent bill for State Registration of nurses, addition of a short course in public health nursing for interested seniors students.
[Article 3:4] The Trained Nurse in the Public Schools. — November 1904
Using the successful system of the school nurse in New York as her basis and adding information through a few case studies and statistics, the speaker talks of the advantages of school nurses to the children, their families, the public schools in general, and the general enhancement of education. She also speaks of the emphasis on both the care of the child's illness and the instruction of parents to ensure the carrying out of the care. The speaker hopes that in Baltimore, where up to that moment there has been no progress in this direction, pressure from the community and the medical profession will bring about some positive results from the political bodies.