After the Messina/Reggio earthquake in Sicily December 28, 1908, thousands of refugees -- almost the entire populations -- began arriving in Naples for relief, physical and emotional care. Using brief individual "comico-tragic" case studies of actual cases, the writer discusses this aftermath of the tragedy. As the writer concludes, "It is hard to lose at one blow family, wealth, health, occupation and future..."
[Article 8:1] An Indicator for the So-Called "Drop Methods" of Saline Injections. — April 1909
Creator: Sladen, Frank J.
This article describes the use of a newly created piece of equipment designed for infusing more exact amounts of saline by droplets. The simple system and its use is described and the article is accompanied by a full-page photograph of the equipment.
Among the usual announcements concerning privileges for members of the Alumnae Association and various meetings to be held, there is a request for alumnae who may be traveling to Europe to try to include attendance at the upcoming meetings of the International Council and Congress of Nurses being held in London.
This area contains five (5) untitled sections on varied subjects: announcement of the upcoming meetings of the International Congress of Nurses in London in July 1909 with some comments on its tentative program; introduction to article in this issue on the Messina "tragedy" in Italy; financial gift to Phipps Dispensary to "improve and enlarge" the original building; progress on the plans for the new Harriet Lane Home for Children; taking over by the Associate Alumnae (nurse) organization of the American Journal of Nursing, which means the magazine no longer is a private enterprise.
Besides the news of activities of individual alumnae, these notes contain mention of "a series of popular talks on health problems" by the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty, a more lengthy discussion of the work of "inspecting houses for fumigation" after deaths due to tuberculosis, and comments on demonstrations of new procedures/equipment in the care of the sick.
[Article 8:1] Post-Operative Treatment of Cases of Exophthalmic Goitre. — April 1909
Outline of pre- and post-operative treatment of goiter supplied by Dr. Halsted and used in Johns Hopkins Hospital.
Minutes and proceedings of the regular quarterly meeting of the Alumnae Association held in March, 1909, including summaries of the reports of several committees. Also listed are the names of elected delegates to the National Alumnae Association meeting and to the State Federtion of Women's Clubs.
[Article 8:1] The Bismuth Past Treatment of Tuberculous Sinuses. — April 1909
Creator: Kennard, H.W.
An accidental discovery of the value of a bismuth paste in the treatment of tuberculous sinuses has shown great promise. The article describes its discovery and the properties that make it valuable.
[Article 8:1] The Great Recent Disaster in southern Italy and Sicily. — April 1909
Creator: Gordon, Eleanor Wood
This is a personal and emotional account of the devastating earthquake in Sicily on December 28, 1908 that destroyed the city of Messina. The writer lived in a small city called Taormina, 30 miles away from Messina. The article describes the shaking and fright in that city, the following religious procession with appeals to God, the subsequent arrival of the victims from Messina with the valiant but usually ineffective efforts in their treatment, and the effects on the population of Taormina.
[Article 8:1] The Influence of the Laennec Society (Extracts from a paper read at a meeting of the Society of Teresians). — April 1909
Creator: Carr, Ada M.
Begun in 1900 by Dr. Osler, this group was devoted to improving the lot of the tuberculosis patients in Baltimore, for whom they felt nothing helpful was being done. From their studies was born in 1903 the use of the visiting nurse, the first one being Reba Thelin (Class of 1903). In an early 1902 issue of the Alumnae Magazine the question was presented of how nurses could help with the tuberculosis dilemma and, when a tuberculosis association was formed, several of our nurses participated. Later a State Sanitarium movement began with many other areas of attention coming later. The movement, the article says, all started in Baltimore and was led by Dr. Osler.
Several untitled editorials are included: the ceremonies attending the dedication of the new Medical and Chirurgical Society building on Cathedral Street; papers read at the last few meetings of the Teresians, including the historical sketch by Miss Carr which is included in this issue.
Creator: Barker, Lewellys F. (Lewellys Franklin), 1867-1943.
The writer first briefly reviews the earliest days of nursing, the emergence of "modern trained nursing from two wars" (Crimean and U. S. Civil Wars), the development of superior schools in the U.S. with the higher caliber of individuals becoming nurses. He goes into detail about the varied and increasing number of areas for the education of nursing, the need to increase the theoretical or intellectual knowledge as well as the practical ability for nurses. Finally, he discusses the standards which should determine how nurses are paid. (Address given at Graduation Exercises of the Class of 1909)
In this article, accompanied by two illustrations, the writer first explains the different reasons for performing a lumbar puncture: diagnosis (e.g. syphilis), treatment of certain diseases (e.g. tuberculous meningitis, nephritis, tetanus. The writer then proceeds to describe the equipment used and the details of the procedure, emphasizing certain necessary precautions.
Creator: Miller, Amy P. ; Hunner, Isabella S. (Mrs. Guy L.) ; Smith, Lily L. ; Miller, Gertrude A. (1900) ; Harrell, Fanny S.
Resolution of sympathy, as proposed by classmates, to be sent to husband of Gertrude Simpson Opie, class of 1900, on her recent death.
[Article 8:2] The Diploma of William Harvey Extracts from the Copy, Presented by Dr. Osler to the JHH Library . — June 1909
Excerpts from the tribute given Dr. William Harvey by the University of Padua on the occasion of his honorary title granted in April of 1602.
[Article 8:2] The Early History of the Hospital and the Training School. — June 1909
Creator: Carr, Ada M.
This article is a very detailed and meticulous account of the establishing of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and School of Nursing with all the people involved. It describes the physical area as originally farmlands, then cemeteries after the Yellow Fever epidemic, then a building as a hospital that changed its focus until it became the MD. Hospital for the Insane. After its purchase by Johns Hopkins, he left the funds and the detailed instructions for establishing a properly staffed hospital, including a new school to supply capable nurses. More land around the area was purchased and the hospital opened in 1899. The article follows with great detail the early school of nursing with the appointment of Isabel Hampton and the admission of the first student nurse, Marion Turner (later Brockway) to changes over the years. At the opening of the school, both Miss Hampton and Dr. Hurd spoke of their aims for the school as not a trade, but as a "Learned profession." The article provides detailed accounts of progress in the hospital as well as in the school. The article is accompanied by a photo of the "Old Hospital Buildings." (Read at a meeting of the Society of the Teresians, May 17, 1909)
[Article 8:3] An Impression of the International Congress. — September 1909
Creator: Robb, Isabel Hampton, 1859-1910
This is a short report of the recent International Congress of Nurses held in London where the principal concern was how to educate highly prepared nurses with the proper preparation, education and legal protection to assure the best possible care of the sick.
(1) Introduction to the full reports of all committees from the Annual Meeting to be in this issue of the Alumnae Magazine. Special attention is paid to the Report of the Life Membership Committee. (2) Update on the work for the prevention of blindness, an article about which is included in this issue.
[Article 8:3] Maryland Society for Prevention of Blindness. — September 1909
This new group was started in Maryland in May, 1909 and has started an active campaign for support. Much blindness, they find, is preventable, especially for newborns and children. The brief report speaks of the many prentable causes of blindness and these new efforts to prevent them. The group hopes to enlighten the wider public.
Brief reviews of two (2) books of interest to nurses.
[Article 8:3] New Developments in Hospital Economics at Teachers College, New York. — September 1909
Creator: Nutting, M. Adelaide (Mary Adelaide), 1858-1948
Update on increased facilities and courses in Domestic Science and Arts at Teachers College for preparation of dieticians, for increasing the knowledge of nurses, for preparing women in all phases of this domestic science. The new building for this is in the process of being built.
News Notes includes extensive notes on treatment and activities of tuberculosis patients at Trudeau Sanatorium.
On page 129, the name of "Miss Phelan" is noted as part of News Notes. No listing of a "Phelan" can be found in any lists of nursing school alumnae.
[Article 8:3] Seventeenth Annual Report of the Alumnae Association of the Johns Hopkins Hospital Training School for Nurses 1908 - 1909. — September 1909
First, there is printed the complete listing of all officers and committee members of the association and all of its committees. In the actual report of the Annual Meeting on May 21, 1909, there are included the complete documentation of all discussions and actions as well as the President's Address and the reports of all standing and special committees. Also printed is the Financial Report which was not given at the meeting.
This announcement gives details of the upcoming conference in New Haven, CT. on Prevention of Infant Mortality. It will address the four (4) major causes of death in infancy as congenital debility, unsuitable nourishment, improper care and environment, communicable diseases.
[Article 8:3] The Sitting Posture: Its Postoperative and Other Uses With a Description of a Bed for Holding a Patient in this Position. — September 1909
Creator: Gatch, Willis D. (Willis Dew), 1878-1954
The article introduces the innovation to allow a patient to have a comfortable sitting position in bed, a position that frequently is necessary for a condition such as peritonitis. After describing the bed, the article then proceeds to write of the therapeutic uses and how the bed is used in these. The article is accompanied by two photographs, one of the iron bed and the other of the wooden bed.
There are two topics discussed in this brief article: first, the use of a dry bar of ivory soap used as a pin cushion to make easier the use of straight pins through thick materials; second a light-hearted description of the excessive (and misguided) use of disinfectant in an operating room.
[Article 8:4] Editorials (1) Endowment of a Post-Graduate School for Trained Nurses. (2) "It is interesting to note..." (3) The Prevention of Infant Mortality. (4) "A very happy part...". — December 1909
(1) Announcement of establishment of a post-graduate school for nurses at Teachers College, Columbia University in New York with Miss Nutting in charge. The school has been established with a grant from Mrs. Helen Hartley Jenkins. (2) Announcement that the Health Department of New York City has added 135 nurses to its staff. Also an announcement of the "experiment" by the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company in supplying nursing visits to "sick policyholders." (3) Lengthy summary of the activities at the recent conference on the Prevention of Infant Mortality, held in New Haven, Connecticut, referring readers to previous issue of the Alumnae Magazine. (4) Announcement of presentation of portrait of Helena Barnard to be hung in the Club, as a preface to an article in this issue about Miss Barnard.
[Article 8:4] Helena Barnard First President of the Johns Hopkins Alumnae Association and First Chairman of the House Committee. — December 1909
Creator: Carr, Ada M.
Giving the professional biography of Miss Barnard, the bulk of the article is devoted to her many contributions to the Alumnae Association and its members: formation of the nurses' alumnae association, serving as its first president, working with the donor of the "club house" and even obtaining extra money for it, the establishment of "hourly nursing" in Baltimore, and the proposal for the establishment of our library.
Three humorous "incidents" are given: (1) a supervisor's gift of hot cocoa to the nurses in a maternity ward confuses a busy nurse on the unit; (2) a student confuses the word "expostulate" with "expectorate"; (3) a mattress to be sterilized returns with a soft-boiled egg in it.
[Article 8:4] Progress in the Hospital An Account of the Phipps Dispensary for Tuberculosis of the Johns Hospital. — December 1909
Creator: Hamman, Louis, 1877-1946
The article is devoted to a description of the building of the original dispensary for tuberculosis patients from a grant by Henry Phipps, then a description of the addition when the original building proved too small for the purpose. A floor plan accompanies the article.
[Article 8:4] Report of the Regular Meeting of the Association. — December 1909
Creator: Taylor, Effie J.
Minutes and summary of proceedings of the regular quarterly meeting of the Alumnae Association. The committee reports are not printed, but the minutes contain summaries of each quarterly committee report. One of the most important items discussed and voted upon was proposed changes for the constitution of the organization.
The article states that the spread of infection of scarlet fever probably is due only to direct contact, as opposed to air borne. The article also lists nine (9) conclusions from a recent study that would be of interest to nurses caring for these patients.
[Article 8:4] Why Bandaging the Breasts During the Puerperium Has Been Done Away With in the Obstetrical Service of the Johns Hopkins Hospital. — December 1909
Creator: Carr, Ada M.
The old practice of bandaging the lactating breasts of a new mother has now been abandoned at Johns Hopkins Hospital. The article includes a description of the old, now eliminated practice with the story of the change of method, described as "leaving nature alone."