The author spent three months in a mining community in Northern Minnesota. The description of the living conditions showed mediocre living conditions for the miners and their families and squalid ones for nearby "squatters." The author worked with "company doctors" in and around the small, well-equipped emergency hospital in the town. She mentioned the advantage that would result with the presence of a public health nurse, of which there was none.
The author is desgnated only as "M. G. W." There is no year of graduation noted.
Several miscellaneous items about subscriptions to the Magazine, how to enroll with the Red Cross, upcoming ANA convention in Atlantic City, NJ, how to obtain photographs of the portrait of Miss Nutting.
[Article 12:1] Editorials (1) The Opening Exercises of the Henry Phipps Psychiatric Clinic. (2) The Discovery of the Specific Germ of Epidemic Poliomyelitis. — April 1913
(1) Lengthy seven page description of the opening of the Phipps Clinic with excerpts from several of the people involved: Dr. Welch, Mr. Phipps, Dr. Paton, Judge Harlan, Dr. Osler. (2) The joyous memory of the meeting of the JH Medical Society at which Dr. Flexner told the story of the discovery of the microorganism causing poliomyelitis.
[Article 12:1] Extracts from a Paper Entitled "Observations on Sepsis and Antisepsis in Medicine". — April 1913
Creator: Thayer, William Sydney, 1864-1932.
The author laments the neglect of signs of infection and its cause by the medical profession, except for the surgeon who takes proper antiseptic precautions in the operating rooms. He emphasizes protection of the patient, prevention as opposed to treatment of infection, and the importance of separation of the infected person from those without the infection. He especially singles out typhoid fever for his examples. He also mentions the importance of a thorough examination with special attention to the mouth and the tonsils, citing their importance in preventing infections.
In New York State a bill has been introduced to limit the use of the name "nurse" only to those who have graduated from a training school approved by the Regents of the State of New York. The writer also reprints a letter from a magazine emphasizing that the "aide" or "assistant" is still needed but may not refer to herself as a "nurse."
In this speech given to the nurse alumnae, the speaker reviews the health functions of the Red Cross which seem to have started with their successful participation in the Christmas Seals vs. tuberculosis campaign in 1911. She reviews the make-up and functions of the Rural Nursing Service and the educational course preceding it, and some of the conditions faced. In her speech she also spoke of the role of Queen Victoria's Queen's Jubilee Institute in 1887, which has been active in these roles in rural England.
Creator: Hunner, Isabella S. (Mrs. Guy L.) ; O' Bryan, M. Grace
This report reviews the actions of the Benefit Fund to determine legality of lending an alumna money from the fund for personal purposes. The judicial source expressed the impropriety of such an action. The leaders of the Benefit Fund subsequently have suggested that the name of Benefit Fund be changed to Sick Benefit Fund.
Minutes and other proceedings of the regular Spring meeting of the Nurses Alumnae Association on March 26, 1913 which included mention of only one report plus the discussion about an endowed bed for sick nurse alumnae.
[Article 12:1] Some Advantages Chicago Offers to Social Workers. — April 1913
Creator: Fox, Elizabeth Gordon
The author writes of the many advantages the city of Chicago offers for social workers: the numerous local social organizations, the many classes and lectures available, the multiple city departments and legislation. She also mentions the numerous sources of diversion: the theaters, grand opera, concerts, art exhibits plus "one of the finest public park systems" in the U.S.
This group of nurses, established by Lady Plunket, has the mission of maintaining health and preventing disease by teaching mothers in the home. They, however, also do other functions where needed. These nurses hust have had a "good, general training in a recognized hospital school" followed by a three-month special course in maternal and pediatric care.
This article refutes three of the scientific objections to people receiving vaccinations vs. smallpox: (1) to those who argue that small pox and cow pox (from which lymph the vaccine is made) are unrelated, the writer states that, indeed, the two diseases ARE related as many scientific studies have shown. (2) to those who argue that there is "no scientific evidence" that vaccination does protect the subject, the writer gives a medical research journal as reference as well as giving copious statistics on the effectiveness of the vaccination in places where the vaccination has been made mandatory (including Baltimore, Germany, and Russia). (3) to those who argue that vaccination is "dangerous," the writer admits there have been cases of infection and death in the past; however, with present laws governing the production and purity of the vaccine, the possibility of infections is almost zero.
[Article 12:1] The Henry Phipps Psychiatric Clinic, Johns Hopkins Hospital. — April 1913
Full page photograph from the front of the new Phipps Psychiatric Clinic at JHH.
[Article 12:1] The Henry Phipps Psychiatric Clinic April 16, 1913. — April 1913
Creator: Bean, Mary Cloud, 1868-1953
Fifteen (15) line poem written by a nurse alumna celebrating the new Phipps Clinic.
Using other sources of information, this section contains brief pieces of information on a myriad of subjects, including treatment of burns, relief in tonsillitis, household hints for removing stains, method of freshening air in rooms, etc.
In this speech, Dr. Osler says he has seen nursing and nursing education develop to its present state. He has seen the progression to the educated lady becoming a nurse as opposed to those in the novels of Charles Dickens. He gives his famous story of the selection of Isabel Hampton as first head of the program at Hopkins. Finally, he discusses the seven (7) "virtues" needed to be a nurse, which he names as tact, tidiness, taciturnity, sympathy, gentleness, cheerfulness, and charity. (Speech delivered at the Commencement of the Nurses' Training School, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, May 7, 1913.)
[Article 12:2] Editorials (1) (No Title). (2) (No Title). (3) The Phipps Psychiatric Clinic. — July 1913
Creator: Hunner, Isabella S. (Mrs. Guy L.) ; Bartlett, Vashti Rebecca
(1) Letter from new president of Alumnae Association encouraging active participation from all members. (2) Message from chairman of new Publicity Committee on ideas of the committee to re-stimulate interest in the Alumnae Association. (3) Detailed description of the new Phipps Clinic plus the knowledge that a course in psychiatry will be part of the curriculum for student nurses. (This is accompanied by a full page photograph of "The Cloister" area outside the new building.)
The work of the Instructive Visiting Nurse Association of Baltimore has been forced to extend its work into the surrrounding counties, due to the great need and demand for it. The current need is for extension of services to the "rural" areas. The report also undertook new work, notably the addition of an eye nurse to care for those patients only. The report also covers briefly the work of the Johns Hopkins Social Service, increase of nurses to work vs. infant mortality, provision of two school nurses.
Annual report of the superintendent of nursing with a review of the year and changes affecting the education of the student nurses, e.g. a new diet kitchen, the opening of the Phipps Clinic, the first patients admitted to Harriet Lane Home pediatrics, increased number of students with no change in the goals of the school.
Lengthy, detailed review of the third and fourth volumes of this history of nursing written by Lavinia Dock. The reviewer, Dr. Henry Hurd, characterizes it as not dealing "so much with the past as with 'history in the making.'" It includes reference to the tremendous influence in nursing eduction of Isabel Hampton's "Educational Standards for Nurses." It also includes the beginning of national nursing organizations and their influence.
[Article 12:2] Twenty-First Annual Report of the Alumnae Association of the Johns Hopkins Hospital Training School for Nurses 1912 - 1913. — July 1913
Complete listing of all newly-elected officers, members of the Board of Directors, Chairmen and members of all standing and special committees. This is followed by the minutes and proceedings of the Annual Meeting with complete verbatim discussions of business during the meeting and reports of all committees as well as a special address to the membership by the president of the association, Margaret Brogden. There is lengthy discussion on the proposed Endowed Bed for sick nurses, the Robb Memorial Committee funds, plus a speech on "The Work of the Ten Hour Law Bureau" about the law to limit women's work day to ten hours and a second speech on the State Nurses Association.
This is a short story of a single experience of a public health nurse first to find the family in need in a tenement neighborhood, then to establish rapport, finally to identify the problem and give help. Finally comes the sad conclusion that Italy is beautiful and the U.S. is not, but Italy is bad for a job while the U.S. is good for a job.
[Article 12:3] Editorials (1) Improvements in the Kitchen Department. (2) The Domestic Educator and the Immigrant. (3) Economics and Tuberculosis. (4) Training School Inspector. (5) A Royal Commission to Investigrate Venereal Diseases. — September 1913
(1) Changes to the hospital kitchen have been made in enlarging it and adding new equipment. (2) Introduction to an article in this issue on the vital problems of immigrants and how nurses can assist this group. (3) Comments by The Medical Times on a recent paper by Professor Giddings of Columbia University on the effect of the inability to eat well to disease in general and to tuberculosis in particular. (4) Brief comments about the need for stricter enforcement of the MD Registration of Nurses law. (5) In England 40 medical men have called for a Royal Commission to investigate and make recommendations about venereal diseases, both cure and prevention.
During a vacation, this alumna spent time at a cottage run by two other nurse alumnae and joined by several other alumnae. They gossiped and talked about professional topics, they took out rowboats on the lake, they picnicked and camped together, they assisted victims of a forest fire, and they attended the "open air church" on Sunday.
[Article 12:3] School Work of the Tuberculosis League of Pittsburgh. — September 1913
Creator: Kennedy, Loula
Organized in 1908 by a Hopkins alumna, Bertha Stark, this program is directed to the schools because it was felt that children could be taught better than adults and it is easier to form good new habits than to change old ones, thereby promoting prevention more than just treatment. The program is described in relative detail and a complete job takes two years.
In 1903, the Daughters of the Confederacy bought the old home of Stonewall Jackson and converted it into a hospital. The article tells how money was raised to do this conversion, how it took almost 10 years to get it opened for care of the sick. Now it is supported by the local town council and Washington & Lee University and it has become an operating facility.
[Article 12:3] The Immigrant An Address to the Civic Club of Wilkes-Barre, PA. — September 1913
Creator: Fitzgerald, Alice Louise Florence, 1874-1962
Immigration to the United States has been about 1,000,000 a year and there have been many problems from and for the immigrants. Miss Fitzgerald speaks of several of these and how some have been remedied already. The Civic League has begun work aimed at Transportation, Distribution vs. overcrowding of certain areas, Protection via legislation and Legal Aid, Education and Extension. The article then discusses in great detail the activities for Domestic Education, a program to supplement (not replace) the work of the public schools.
This is a brief, and touching, story illustrating the work of a social worker in a "psychopathic ward" of a hospital. The patient in the story is an old lady who came to NY to find some of her old family. She cannot find the old house, she loses her crutches, she loses some purchases until she is finally brought to the hospital. The doctor notifies her son back in Columbus, Ohio and the social worker has an adventure as she finds someone who identifies a single family member still in NY. The social worker convinces this relative to visit and update the woman on the family. Then she is escorted to the station to return to her home.
[Article 12:4] A State Training School for Girls (With extracts from a paper read at the meeting of the Maryland State Federation of Women's Clubs, McCoy Hall, Baltimore, April 25, 1913.). — November 1913
Creator: Athey, Helen S. Wilmer
This long article establishes that about 2/3 of the girls now in a Reform School are "feeble-minded" and need to be taken from the punitive institution and put into a home for such girls. The writer tells of her different findings in activities in other states. She then proposes a plan to meet the living, educational, and future occupational needs of the residents. She also addresses the spiritual care that is needed. Maryland, she concludes, cannot afford to be without a "modern training school" for girls, that it will be cheaper to train the girls rather than keep them in institutions and jails as it now does.
[Article 12:4] An Experiment in Welfare Work in an Office Building. — November 1913
Creator: Wilson, Emma
This article describes the changes in a new office building in Baltimore in which the social and physical attention to female employees has been made. These "attentions" include separate rest rooms, separate lunch room (devoid of smoke), medical attention and first aid, social and recreational features including a library, reading room,and a gymnasium. The author feels that a good nurse can do all of the needed work, including that of a social worker.
The article consists of a clipping from a Los Angeles newspaper about the work of Anna Jamme in getting a law passed for the examination and registration of all nurses in the state and her appointment as Director of this State Nurses' Registration Bureau. The author sent the clipping to the Alumnae Magazine along with some personal praise for the work of Miss Jamme.
Listing of all nursing positions in the School of Nursing and in the JHH Hospital.
[Article 12:4] Children's Hospital, Los Angeles. Marion L. Vannier, R.N. Supt. — November 1913
Full page photograph of Children's Hospital Los Angeles, CA, showing the Nurses' Home on the left and Bridge Connection with Administration Building, this photo to accompany editorial comments about its opening.
[Article 12:4] Editorials (1) The Alumnae Magazine. (2) The Opening of the School of Nursing... (3) Mrs. Athey's Article. (4) The Field of Mental Hygiene. — November 1913
Creator: MacDonald, V. May
(1) Single paragraph encouraging readers to submit articles, letters, etc. to the Alumnae Magazine. (2) The new School of Nursing of the Children's Hospital in Los Angeles is unique in that it has been established on a tuition basis. The editorial gives its several affiliations, describes the student nurses' residence, the arrangement made for education of the young patients while they are hospitalized. (3) Introduction to the article by Mrs. Athey about the "training of delinquent girls in Maryland." (4) Long editorial about the new bill to treat and prevent mental disease, the condition so little known about and understood by people in Maryland. The editorial also covers the role of the nursing profession in these endeavors.