[Article 13:1] Editorials (1) The Benefit Fund. (2) The Real Hospital Problem. (3) The United States Government and Infant Mortality. (4) Editorial Comment. — January 1914
Creator: Hunner, Isabella S. (Mrs. Guy L.)
(1) Emphasis that the Sick Benefit Fund is not charity, but consists of money given by all alumnae for use by any who may find it is needed. (2) Excerpts from an editorial in The Modern Hospital by Dr. Winford Smith emphatically stating that nurses, not hospitals and not doctors, should be the ones to solve nursing problems. (3) The inability of the U.S Department of Labor to supply the infant mortality rate enhances the need for women's suffrage. (4) An excerpt from the magazine Modern Hospital that women's suffrage is essential.
This article contains extracts from the American Journal of Nursing and from the Journal of the Nurses of New Zealand as part of the Exchange program created by Grace O'Bryan to share experiences from other places in the world.
This is a protest report made for the U.S. Consul to forward to the State Department. It tells in detail the attack on and the plundering and other atrocities committed by the Mexican revolutionary soldiers in the MacDonnell Institute in Durango, Mexico which had been designated as a neutral and safe American refuge. The refuge was bombed, residents were injured, property was destroyed and robbed by the revolutionaries -- all told in great detail.
[Article 13:1] Maryland Bureau of Statistics and Information. — January 1914
Creator: Rose, Marie L.
Although one function of this state Bureau is to compile statistics, necessity has made it center on the observance of Child Labor laws, with the focus on the age of the child and the compliance with the law which states that a child must be between age 12 to 15 years, a section of the law that has led to families' lying about their children's ages. The writer laments the lack of education of the children, but has some optimism since the passing of the new Compulsory School Attendance Law and the new Child Labor Law. At the conclusion she mentions some of the horrible conditions found in local canneries and the "illegal exploitation of children in the actual work in these canneries."
[Article 13:1] New and Essential Points in Maternity Nursing. — January 1914
Creator: Hoyt, Margaret Bliss
The writer begins by saying that there have not been many changes in Maternity nursing for over 50 years since aseptic care during delivery was started. The other changes are in breast care and in a more generous diet. She also points out that a longer interval in feeding the infants -- from two hours to three to four -- is now more generally adopted.
Minutes and proceedings of the regular quarterly meeting of the Alumnae Association held November 22, 1913, including the reports of the Sick Benefit Fund, the Finance Committee, the House Committee, and the Library Committee.
This is an introduction to an article later in this issue in favor of opening the Hopkins Nurses Registry to graduates of other schools of nursing. The editorial also mentions (1) regret in having no article opposed to this action and (2)some other options to the "open" registry.
Activities relevant to nursing are reported on from the Journal of the American Medical Association (on practical eugenics, and on technique of small-pox vaccination), from the Pacific Coast Journal of Nursing (on the role of the head nurse with the student nurse, on the inability of the Journal to accommodate calls from nurses from the East).
[Article 13:2] Notes on Public Health Nursing in Baltimore The Instructive Visiting Nurse Association. — April 1914
This is an update on the work of the IVNA in Baltimore: work following children found physically defective under the Child Labor Law, similar work done with the School Attendance Officer until children are healthy enough to return to school, the creation of a new, time-saving record system, classes for "self-supporting" girls, ongoing lectures for inservice education. Also included is mention of the appointment of Mary Lent as a delegate to the annual meeting of the ANA and IVNA.
Minutes and proceedings of the regular quarterly meeting of the Nurses Alumnae Association held in March, 1914, including the Treasurer's report and mentioning that reports of other committees were read and accepted.
[Article 13:2] Shall We Open Our Registry to Other Graduates?. — April 1914
Creator: Miller, Ella M.
This article -- actually a presentation at the Quarterly Meeting of the Nurses' Alumnae Association -- presents the arguments in favor of allowing graduates of other schools of nursing to join the Hopkins Registry. These arguments include principally that we need the increased numbers of members to respond to patients' needs. Also, the money earned by the Registry is important as is the fact that when our graduates go to other cities for private duty work they are permitted to register on the Registries of those cities.
This is an update on the work of the Social Service Department at Hopkins and the extension of some of this work to Phipps and to the department of Neurology. It also includes many specific changes in the staff personnel.
This is a detailed description of the Harriet Lane Home, which was opened in 1913. The description is totally about the contents and uses of the five floors of the building. It is accompanied by a full page photograph of the building --the rear view -- to accompany the photograph of the front view in the Frontispiece.
[Article 13:2] Who is a Nurse and by What Signs Shall You Know Her?. — April 1914
Creator: Noyes, Clara D.
This article first tells the history of the growth of training schools for nurses with the growth in the need for nurses and the broadening of the role of nurses. With this has come the proliferation of programs offered in newspapers and magazines for rapid home training with the graduates calling themselves "nurses," yet without ever being with an ill patient. The author calls for activity by all nurses from real schools of nursing to push for state and national laws defining the basic requirements for calling oneself a "nurse."
The annual report discusses the ever-growing needs for nurses of the hospital due to the addition of Phipps and Harriet Lane and the soon to be completed Brady Urological Clinic, with these increased needs having a negative impact on student nurse education. Also mentioned is the continued need for classroom space for the student nurses. All in all, the superintendent of nursing and the school of nursing says it has been a "difficult year."
[Article 13:3] Editorials (1) The Annual Meeting. (2) To the Class of 1914. (3) Did Forence Nightingale Have a "Call"? (4) Celebration of the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of the Opening of the Johns Hopkins Hospital. (5) The Association Library. — July 1914
(1) A summary of some of the high points of the recently held Annual Meeting. (2) Very brief welcome to members of the newly graduated Class of 1914. (3) Henry Hurd writes of concern about women who now enter nursing due to "untoward circumstances" as opposed to Florence Nightingale who felt the need for more than her life of ease and wealth when she led the way to "modern" nursing. (Accompanying this editorial is a page containing two photographs of parts of the Cloisters of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy where a memorial to Florence Nightingale has been established. The Frontispiece photograph accompanies this editorial as well.)(4) A brief announcement about the upcoming celebration of the opening of the hospital with the hope expressed that all nurse alumnae will join the celebration. (5) The Association Library has had very slow growth over its 10 years and the cause of this is lack of money. This, then, is an appeal for more money and more books.
Full page photograph of the sculpture on Florence Nightingale erected in 1913 in the Cloister of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy. The photograph accompanies one of the editorials about Florence Nightingale. (In addition, there are two other photographs of the Cloister of Santa Croce.)
Update on activities in the enlarging field of public health with interchanging of information among different states, the work of Elizabeth Fox (1910) in Ohio, a letter from Rosa Boley (1907) from Virginia.
In this address, Annie Goodrich reviews the history of nursing and the continuing struggle to make it a profession where the practical arts of nursing care are backed by scientific principles, where the student of nursing is educated in a school affiliated with or part of a college or university, with funds to keep it independent. She concludes with the challenge that these new graduates must be part of this professional fight. (Address given at graduation of Class of 1914.)
[Article 13:3] Twenty-Second Annual Report of the Alumnae Association of the Johns Hopkins Hospital Training School for Nurses 1913 - 1914. — July 1914
Preceded by a complete listing of all officers, committee chairmen, and committee membership, this section contains the complete minutes and proceedings of the Association at its annual meeting held May 22, 1914. It includes a complete financial report, report of the Board of Directors and reports of all standing and special committees with the vebatim discussions following these reports, the report of the Delegates to the State Federation of Women's Clubs,and the report of the annual meeting of the American Nurses Association. The afternoon session of the meeting contains the President's Address, reports of several other committees, plus a longer paper about opening the JHH nurses Registry to graduates of other schools of nursing followed by a discussion of the topic.
[Article 13:4] Editorials (1) The Twenty-fifth Anniversary Celebration. (2) Miss Lawler's Recovery. (3) Causes of Social Sickness. (4) The Direct Way. (5) The Red Cross. (6) Change of Address. — October 1914
(1) Summary of the 25th Anniversary celebration with thanks to specific participants. (2) Regrets that Miss Lawler missed the celebrations due to recuperation from surgery. (3) Request for more information on the causes of Social Sickness. (4) Introduction to an article in this issue by Katherine Olmsted about how a public health problem in a city in Illinois was solved. (5) Report on funds raised by the Red Cross and the use of those funds in sending doctors and nurses to Europe. (6) Announcement about where to send "changes of address and complaints."
Started by a single nurse at Massachusetts General Hospital in 1905, public health nursing is now found in many hospitals throughout the country in a pivotal role in the prevention of illness and the maintenance of health of citizens. At JHH, the Social Service department, established in 1907, is "the center toward which all branches lead," this statement followed by the explanatory description of its work, made more vivid with several case studies. The paper also gives a lengthy description of all the work of this department. Another point emphasized is that nurses need education beyond regular nursing school education to function in public health service. (Read at the Twenty-fifth Anniversary Celebration, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, October 5, 1914.)
Appeal for correct addresses for all graduates of the Training School with the responses to be sent to a specific address. Accompanying the request is the list, by year of graduation, of those for whom correct addresses are requested.
[Article 13:4] Nursing in the Henry Phipps Psychiatric Clinic. — October 1914
Creator: Taylor, Effie J.
Too often mental patients are not seen until they require hospitalization; the clinic aims to see patients and help them before they get to that stage of their mental illnesses. Following the work of the clinic the author proceeds to the in-patient units in the psychiatric specialty with the rapid influx of admissions creating many difficulties, which she describes. She then describes the two-month education course for the student nurses. Finally, she goes into the differences between illness of the body and of the mind as she also speaks of some of the opportunities in the program. (Read at the Twenty-fifteh Anniversary Celebration, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, October 5, 1914.)
[Article 13:4] Opportunities for Original Work in the Improvement of Hospital Appliances. — October 1914
Creator: Ellicott, Nancy P.
Nurses have wonderful opportunities to develop innovations to improve the provision of patient care directly or by making it easier or quicker for nurses to provide that care. The author cites putting beds on large wheels so nurses can move them easily by themselves, having screens to put between beds to allow for privacy, a single source of clean linen plus a large laundry bag for soiled linen in a central location during morning baths, a food cart on wheels with heated shelves for delivery and distribution of meals to patients (rather than carrying one tray at a time from a kitchen). The writer feels that nurses are in a perfect position to bring about these improvements as opposed to just accepting the old ways.
[Article 13:4] Program Celebration of the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Johns Hopkins Hospital. October 5 - 8, 1914. — October 1914
Schedule of the activities during the four-day celebration.
Full description of the Alumnae Dinner citing the presence of representatives from every class of the school of nursing, then describing the dinner itself with Miss O'Bryan as toastmistress for the evening, followed by the content of some of the shorter speeches. Following the article was the list of all nurse alumnae present at the dinner.
This article deals with the contents of the new California Registration Act and its provisions, followed by the actions thus far taken during the first year of the work to establish standards for schools of nursing, standards of practice for nurses, and producing a uniformity for excellence in nursing education and practice.
This is an account of one person's experiences showing the horrors and gruesome results from war. It includes the bombing of the town in Belgium where she was working, the loss of all money and belongings, the walk to safety, and the description of some of the atrocities suffered by women. (Extracts from a letter from Miss Steen-Hansen (1910)written from Paris on October 4, 1914 and from a longer letter printed in The Survey on October 19, 1914.)
[Article 13:4] The Renaissance of Public Health in Jacksonville, Illinois. — October 1914
Creator: Olmsted, Katherine
This article tells of the improvement in health care, especially for the poor living in what was called "The Patch," when women suffrage was obtained in Illinois and the Women's Club worked to get the money and resources to enable these improvements. An emphasis is on child care, (including dental care), tuberculosis work, the establishment of a free health clinic, assistance for working mothers, and the visions for the future in health for this community.