Tributes by classmates/friends on the recent deaths of four (4) alumnae: Emma Beckwith Cullen (1896), Lillias Sommerville (1914), Grace Micheau (1915), and Olive Schureman (1916).
[Article 18:1] Editorials (1) The Status of Nursing at the Close of the War in the United States. (2) To Our War Nurses. — February, 1919
(1) An introduction to an article by Miss Nutting in this issue about the wartime cooperative effort between the U. S. War Department and the American Nursing Association to solve nursing problems during the War. (2) Appeal to nurses returning from the War to consider going into Public Health Nursing.
This long account by Dr. John Baldwin gives a detailed account of establishing care for the population of a small town called Nesle, located just north of Paris -- a town recently fled by the conquering German army who ransacked the town, took all supplies and food, destroyed buildings, grabbed most of the able men and women to go with them. Starting from rubble alone, make-shift care centers were developed, clinics were established, trust from the people was gained, only to have bombing and more fighting forcing a move from town to town, adjustment after adjustment. The writer devotes much space to the heroism of individual people and groups.
Thanks to Ida May, 1891, for her contribution of a copy of the first issue of the Alumnae Magazine; notice about sending in changes of address; appeal for articles for the magazine and explanation of the cover change.
Essentially, this is a chart giving the comparative salaries of public health nurses and their supervisors in different organizations in different cities in the United States. Included is a quote from a statement of the National Organization of Public Health Nursing.
[Article 18:1] Report of the December Meeting of the Alumnae Association. — February, 1919
Minutes and proceedings of the latest meeting of the nurses alumnae asssociation in December, 1918, including reports of the Red Cross Committee, the Publication Committee and the Endowment Fund.
The writer is the supervising nurse of this organization in Canada, established with the objective of reducing infant deaths. The work is educational and preventive, with the result being the reduction of infant deaths by half, improvement in the local milk supply, and public participation in the program. Plans are being made to extend the work and starting a pre-natal clinic, although the War has delayed progress.
This is the story of the development of the Nurses Club of the alumnae association from the first idea of its conception as a residence for our graduates through the gifts of a grateful patient (George W. Grafflin), its enlargement to its present status as a debt-free entity on North Avenue.
[Article 18:1] The Relation of the War Program to Nursing in Civil Hospitals. — February, 1919
Creator: Nutting, M. Adelaide (Mary Adelaide), 1858-1948
This is a long article about the problems for nursing in the civilian population brought on by the exodus of nurses for service in World War I and about the efforts to overcome these. Through the establishment of a new ANA Committee of Nursing, Council of National Defense and the cooperative U.S. Department of War, using publicity and innovative ideas, small schools of nursing as well as the larger ones have enjoyed an increase in qualified nursing students. This has provided extra War Nurses as well as providing quality care in civilian hospitals.
This account tells of the setting up of the Base Hospital 18 after the ocean voyage, the nurse accommodations, the work that could be slight or -- more often -- so busy a single nurse could have 50-55 patients on her own. At times, members of the Base Hospital were at the front, so work back at the hospital was more intense. The article closes with a tribute (translated from the French)from a group of school children in the town of Lavenay on the 4th of July. Also included are small photographs of the two nurses who died in France, during the war
This article contains a lengthy In Memoriam tribute to Jane Delano, a graduate of Bellevue Hospital in 1886, who had lenthy service in many areas in the world and in the Red Cross, also as superintendant of the Army Nurse Corps, and as president of the ANA.
[Article 18:2] Editorials (1) The League of Nations. (2) The Return of Our Nursing Unit. (3) The New Campaign for Military Rank for Army Nurses. (4) Dr. Cullen's Gift to the Training School. (5) The Eight-Hour Day for Student Nurses in Training Schools. (6) The Special Meeting of the National League of Nursing Education. — May, 1919
(1) Appeal for support for the establishment of a League of Nations with the purpose of cooperative actions in the world. (2) Welcome home to members of the Nursing Unit of Base 18 in France, with special mention of the two nurses who died there. (3) United movement by nurses across the country to achieve military rank for nurses in the Army Nurse Corps with the call for all states to join in this venture. (4) Acknowledgment of a gift from Dr. Cullen in memory of his wife, Emma Beckwith Cullen, 1896. (5) Progress across the country in obtaining an 8-hour work day for student nurses. (6)Special meeting called by NLNE to study the special problems in nursing education brought on by the War.
This is an account of the experiences of a nurse who served with a group of medical personnel about 10 miles from the Front at Chateau Thierry and were the first to receive wounded soldiers. Their patients were those soldiers whose acute conditions forbade transportation to the safer "hospitals" for surgery. Most of the soldiers were in "shock," hence the name of the "Shock Team." The article describes the initial care given to the wounded with the goal of getting them to the "safer hospitals" farther back. The writer also cites the bravery of the entire group, as well as the constant air raids by the enemy.
This is an account of the experience of a nurse who worked as part of an operating team in makeshift operating rooms close to the fighting front during WWI. The writer tells of the havoc and destruction found all over, the nightly bombing of the area and the city of Chalon, the constant moving from one area to another, the work in tents with improvised operating rooms. Even after eight weeks of this and the ordered return to the Base, the writer states her eagerness to return to it again.
This is a brief story of the journey of Base Hospital #18 from its inception at Hopkins and its joining the 18th Infantry Unit to the beginning of its sea journey in New York in groups, the journey across the Atlantic to land at St. Nazaire, France. Its final settlement location was at Bazoilles-sur-Meuse where it stayed until the end of the War. Two photographs accompany the article: inside view of a ward at the Base Hospital and an aerial view of the hospital which later was joined by seven (7) other units.
This is the letter sent by Dr. Cullen to the Trustees of the Johns Hopkins Hospital establishing a special award for student nurses in honor of his recently deceased wife, Emma J. Beckwith Cullen. The article is accompanied by a full page photograph of a portrait of Mrs. Cullen.
After peace was declared for WWI, the biggest need was for helping these wartime nurses to re-enter civilian life and supplying civilian hospitals and Public Health with adequate staffing. To that end, the Red Cross established an Information Bureau. To further assist Public Health Nursing, the Red Cross is launching a nationwide educational campaign. The article also contains "how-to" information for nurses being released from military service plus statements about the future of nursing in the country.
In this account, the writer tells of nursing at the "front" as opposed to nursing back at the base hospital and the extreme differences between the two. Shortly after arriving they saw the destruction of the active war and the very busy operating rooms -- and several Hopkins nurse alumnae on duty. Moving farther "up the lines" to typical army chow. At an old chateau, the group prepared for their work at a "Shock Team," or the care of patients too sick or wounded to be sent back to safer care. Then they moved up even more during the battle of Chateau Thierry. They witnessed the truth of the "much talked about Hun vandalism." They experienced violent air raids, land raids, and gas attacks. The writer also gives several examples of the courage of ordinary soldiers who could retain a sense of humor although grievously wounded.
[Article 18:2] The Army School of Nursing, Camp Meade, Maryland. — May, 1919
Creator: Kennedy, Loula
A special school of nursing was started at Camp Meade, MD. in 1918 of which Effie Taylor,1907, became the director. The article gives the schedule of the training, the almost insurmountable difficulties encountered due to the influenza/pneumonia epidemic,the changes that occurred. It also covered the social difficulties encountered by the students being in the middle of an army camp as well as those due to the proximity of students with instructors in the living arrangements.
This article gives an account of the various medical and social services in and around Jerusalem. The hospital was started and run by Frances McQuaide, 1905, and included a training school for native student nurses who then staffed the hospital. There was a Babies Hospital, a day nursery, a laboratory, and a government hospital for infectious diseases (this having been "resurrected" by another nurse), two large orphanages, and an employment bureau.
[Article 18:3] "Not By Might, Nor By Power -- But By My Spirit". — August, 1919
Creator: Oliver, Evelyn
Story told about a young soldier during his last days dying of disease, not from battle wounds.
[Article 18:3] Address to the Graduating Class Johns Hopkins Hospital School for Nurses. — August, 1919
Creator: Smith, Winford H., 1877-1961
The speaker addresses several current problems facing nursing at that time. One of the biggest is care of people with no or limited money in their homesin their homes, a situation which will require advancement of Public Health work, for which he feels schools of nursing are not preparing their students. He also mentions the need for an endowment fund for the school.
[Article 18:3] Annual Report of the Superintendent of Nurses. — August, 1919
Creator: Lawler, Elsie M.
Annual report of nursing in the school and in the hospital highlighting some of the changes, but emphasizing more the many and increasing challenges facing nursing in those settings. She also includes the names of students and alumnae who have died during that year as well mention of the new scholarship award made by Dr. Cullen in memory of his wife.
Summary of Commencement Week with a great deal of emphasis on the festivities surrounding the return of so many from overseas after the end of the War. Also includes listing of all scholarship and award winners as well as the complete list of graduates of the Class of 1919.
This includes an account of a special memorial service at Old St. Paul's Church that honored the memory of Edith Cavell and the 35 nurses who lost their lives during the war (WWI). This included three (3) Hopkins nurse alumnae.
[Article 18:3] Editorials (1) Meeting of the National League for Nursing Education. (2) Our New Year. (3) The Alumnae Pin. (4) Birthday Greetings for De. Osler. (4) The Scholarship Fund for Public Health Nurses. (5) Death of a Pioneer (6) Honors for our Nurses. (7) General Pershing Thanks Women Workers. (8)Miss Nutting's Opinion on Military Rank for Army Nurses. . — August, 1919
(1) Detailed review of the activities, teaching, and papers presented at the recent convention of the NLNE. (2) Overall goals for the Magazine for the coming year. (3) Brief history of the creation of the Alumnae Pin and the selection of the motto. (4) A brief "Happy Birthday" to Dr. Osler. (5) The announcement of scholarship funds for public health nurses and where to get information on this. (6) Tribute to Anna Howard Shaw on the occasion of her recent death. (7) Congratulations to three alumnae who have received recent honors. (8)Letter from General Pershing thanking women for their work during WWI.(9) Letter from Miss Nutting sent to the American Journal of Nursing urging passage of the bill to grant rank to military nurses.
These News Notes contain a long professional biographical account of Alice Fitzgerald(1906), shorter ones of Sarah Addison (1907) and Anna D. Wolf (1914). It also includes a long letter from an alumna working in China as well as the regular short statements of the "doings" of many other alumnae.
Three notices for alumnae: one for where to send changes of addresses, a second as an appeal for articles for the Alumnae Magazine, the third a request from Elizabeth G. Fox for all public health nurses to send her their names and addresses for an article for the magazine.
Listing of Officers and Board of Directors of the Alumnae Association for 1919, including chairmen and members of the various committees. (Where a chairman is designated in this listing, the names of the committee members are omitted.)
[Article 18:3] The Dock Infirmaries of the American Red Cross. — August, 1919
Creator: Fitzgerald, Alice Louise Florence, 1874-1962
The article tells of the creation by the Red Cross of "Dock Infirmaries" in several European ports to care for wounded soldiers as they wait for transport to ships that will cross the Atlantic to take them home. Similar Red Cross Infirmaries are located at many Railway Stations.
[Article 18:3] Twenty-Seventh Annual Meeting of the Johns Hopkins Nurses Alumnae Association. — August, 1919
Minutes and proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Alumnae Association, including a full auditors' report and reports from all standing and special committees. Part of the proceedings included the presentation by Mary B. Dixon of the necessity of obtaining rank for American nurses in the Army, this presentation including statements by May Macdonald (1903) of how this rank was obtained in Canada for Canadian nurses. It also includes results of the election of new officers for the Association.
The Child Health Organization was started by physicians after World War I when it was found how many drafted men were rejected for health reasons. Studies showed the effect of poor nutrition among school age children. The efforts of the organization were directed to teachers in schools because of the close contact between teachers and their students. To this end, efforts were directed for health education for teachers to relate to their students. The article also tells of what equipment (e.g. scales), procedures (e.g. monthly weighings), and other assistance (e.g. health training classes taught in teachers' colleges) the organization has provided.
Includes a message from an alumna (Eurith Trax, 1913) that a European lady has written that she is taking care of the grave overseas of Miram Knowles, Hopkins nurse alumna who died overseas during the War.
[Article 18:4] Editorials (1) Honors for Miss Noyes. (2) Wisconsin Leads. (3) Records of Johns Hopkins Nurses War-Work Will Live in Maryland's History of the "War for Democracy." (4) A Generous Legacy to the Nurses' Home. — November, 1919
(1) Congratulations to Miss Noyes on her appointment as Director of Red Cross Nursing includes a brief biographical sketch of her life. Also introduces readers to her article in this issue of the magazine. 2) Praise for the establishment of a Department of Nursing at the University of Wisconsin, its director being Florence Patterson, 1907. (3) Request by Historical Division of the MD Council for Defense for all Alumnae Magazines with articles about the recent war. (4)Announcement of a generous gift of money to the Nurses' Home of JHH Training School for Nurses.
This article addresses the multitude of health needs of areas of Europe after the end of World War I and the actions/goals of the Red Cross in meeting these needs and training the women in these areas to be nurses there. The article emphasizes the different Hopkins nurse alumnae involved in this enterprise.
[Article 18:4] Recent Developments in the Social Service Department. — November, 1919
Creator: Brogden, Margaret Smith, 1865-1944
Brief update relating to the status of the efforts to provide nurses with social work study. Follwing the brief comments is the skeleton of the course offered by the JH University.
[Article 18:4] Report of the Training School Endowment Fund Committee. — November, 1919
Creator: Cullen, Mary Bartlett Dixon
Update on the funds received for the Endowment Fund from May to October, 1919.
This article is a "no holds barred" description of politics, life, travails, utter dismal conditions in Roumania during the author's two commissions there with the Red Cross. Poverty and disease were the rule, especially during the first commission, with the supplies needed not available, yet with the rich being well fed and the poor in abject poverty and illness. In addition, the position of Roumania put it in the midst of both friends and enemies, with consistent switching of allegiances.