Four (4) very brief reviews of new books of interest to nurses, one (1) brief review of a book of a purely religious nature, mention of two (2) other books of possible interest.
[Article 19:1] Changes in the Work of The Johns Hopkins Colored Orphan Asylum. — February, 1920
Creator: Brogden, Margaret Smith, 1865-1944
The article discusses the work by the Social Services to help former young residents of the recently closed JH Colored Orphan Asylum. The children received education as well as practical ways to earn a living. They also were taught how to save money, how to purchase wisely, how to become more independent.
[Article 19:1] Editorials (1) The Death of Sir William Osler. (2)The Red Cross Bureau of Information for Nurses. (3) Industrial Nursing. (4) Social Hygiene. (5) Alice Fitzgerald. — February, 1920
(1) Announcement of the death of Dr. Osler in England from a post-operative hemorrhage, including a very brief tribute to him. (2) This brief section is devoted to the functions of the Red Cross Bureau of Information for Nurses which includes "jobs for nurses and nurses for jobs." (3)Industrial nursing is a "pioneer" field for nurses and both nurses and employers express a need for developing uniform standards of service and better preparation for the job. (4) Comments about a part of a proposition to secure opposition to a movement to tolerate acceptance of prostitution and prophylaxis for venereal disease. (5) Brief account of career of Alice Fitzgerald as sent to the alumnae association by the Red Cross on the occasion of her appointment as Chief Nurse of the League of Red Cross Societies. Included is a poem by Vachel Lindsay dedicated to Miss Fitzgerald when she had been selected as the Edith Cavell Memorial Nurse during World War I.
[Article 19:1] Olive Schureman's Gift to the Endowment Fund. — February, 1920
Before she died during the influenza epidemic in 1918, Olive Schureman, 1916, verbally told her nurse of her desire to contribute to the Endowment Fund. The nurse told Schureman's brothers, who have sent the contribution to the Alumnae Association. The article includes the above explanation, a letter to from Miss Nutting to the brother, and a letter from the brother. The article is accompanied by a full page photograph of Olive Schureman.
A new bill introduced in the U. S. Senate includes granting military rank for army nurses. After expressing thanks for the letters and calls made in behalf of this, the article states the need now for similar action in the House. It also gives the facts to support this need.
Creator: Kelly, Howard A. (Howard Atwood), 1858-1943.
Arguments against the proposal for "universal prophylaxis" with venereal disease. These include encouragement of engaging in "immoral, extra-marital sexual relations," difficulty in using the proposed methods, ignoring and dishonoring women in advocating only the treatment of men, plus the acceptance of immoral behavior. The writer is strong in all of his comments against this proposal of "prophylaxis."
This article briefly outlines the work of the League of Women Voters with its strictly legislative purpose. Following this is the outline of its recent opposition to a new program proposed about "immorality and venereal disease." (Preface to a report given by Brogden, 1902, at the Social Hygiene Conference of Representatives of the State Leagues of Women voters and State Suffrage Associations, October 17 - 22, 1919.)
With the knowledge that the "city fathers" are considering the budgent for the upcoming year, the writer, Director of the Bureau of Public Health in Toronto,shows the volume and variety of work performed by Public Health by detailing the calls for a single hour of its work.
The section contains In Memoriam tributes by classmates or a single person on the deaths of five (5) alumnae.
[Article 19:2] Editorials (1) Elizabeth G. Fox. (2) Social Reconstruction and the Medical Profession. (3) The Adelaide Nutting Historical Nursing Collection. (4) The Training School Endowment Fund. — May, 1920
(1) Congratulations to Elizabeth G. Fox, 1910, on her new appointment as Director of Public Health Nursing, Amrican Red Cross. (2)Introduction to article in this issue on Social Reconstruction and the Medical Profession. (3) Gift by her students at Teachers College of a check to assist in Miss Nutting's collection of the history of nursing, a collection that now will bear her name. (4) Progress of the Endowment Fund from two new contributions accompany comments on the great importance of this Fund to the school of nursing.
[Article 19:2] Elizabeth G. Fox, 1910 Director of Public Health Nursing, American Red Cross. — May, 1920
Full page photograph of Elizabeth Gordon Fox, 1910, to accompany editorial congratulating her on her new appointment at the Red Cross.
The writer presents a detailed account of the areas in which her group of nurses served, the frequent moves, the often primitive living conditions, the physical aspects of cities and towns (like Vladivostok and Omsk), along with her observations of their foreign culture in Siberia after the World War during the Bolshevick Revolution.
The section contains two longer announcements on (1) the plans to begin building the new Women's Clinic and (2) the nation putting the Army School of Nursing on a permanent basis, beginning with the one already operating at Walter Reed General Hospital.
[Article 19:2] Report of the Quarterly Meeting of The Johns Hopkins Nurses Alumnae Association. — May, 1920
Creator: Miller, Amy P.
Minutes of the proceedings of the regular quarterly meeting of the nurses alumnae association, including reports of several standing committees, a complete treasurer's report, and a detailed listing of contributions to the Endowment Fund.
[Article 19:2] Social Reconstruction and the Medical Profession. — May, 1920
Science alone cannot rule the universe, but must be accompanied by human emotion and humanity. The writer states that, indeed, this rule of science is what steered Prussia to start WWI and be destroyed by its error. He states, also, that most of the medical profession are "immature as citizens," which has surprised him. He then writes of the emotions needed for full humanity and that the leaders must recognize the role and importance of these emotions and use them to create the better future for "our children's sake." He recognizes that physicians are one group on whom this leadership will fall in the reconstruction of the world after the World War just ended. (Article by Sir Auckland Geddes and reprinted with permission from the "Anniversary Volume" published in honor of Sir William Osler's 70th birthday, July 12, 1919) Also included is a full page photograph of Sir William Osler with two colleagues at his birthday celebration.
This is an intimate report of nursing in India with its extreme poverty and its caste system making helping the sick or needy more difficult.
[Article 19:3] Addresses at the Florence Nightingale Centenary Celebrations. — August, 1920
Two addresses are printed: (1) From Sir Auckland Geddes who speaks of the qualities of the nurses he experienced during his medical career and of the present shortage of "the right sort of" recruits; (2) From Rev. Arthur Kinsolving who in a sermon gives a detailed biographical history of and tribute to Florence Nightingale, especially highlighting her entry into nursing, her Crimean work, more of her varied career and its significance for nursing and the reform of hospitals, even into her invalid years. He also discusses the several books she wrote.
This is the response from the French village postman to a letter about the current status of this WWI village that served as barracks, hospital, and cemetery for so many American soldiers. The excerpts mention the downward "metamorphosis" of the village, but it stresses the villagers' continued appreciation of the allied soldiers and the continued careful maintenance of the cemetery. The writing seems, at times, almost poetic.
[Article 19:3] Editorial The Object of our Alumnae Association. — August, 1920
The better the nursing school, the better the nurses. For a school to be good, it must cease exploitation of the student in work and health conditions. The mission of all nurses is to work for the "right sort of training schools and the right training."
[Article 19:3] Experiences of a Visiting Nurse in Cleveland, Ohio. — August, 1920
Creator: Horr, Elsie
With the help of three case studies, the writer shows her interest in the variety of work she does in public health nursing as well as the absolute joy she experiences in all kinds of situations with all kinds of patients.
Summary of graduation exercises for the Class of 1920 on May 12, 1920, which includes a listing of scholarship awards plus the complete annual report of Elsie Lawler, Superintendent of the Training School.
A series of brief notices about membership in the Alumnae Association, a course in Pychiatric Social Work, information about joining the Industrial Public Health Nurse part of the National Public Health Association, a request for the return of a borrowed book.
[Article 19:3] Observation Work with the Public Health Service of New York City. — August, 1920
Creator: Baker, Bessie
After her first year at Teachers College majoring in nursing administration and realizing how little she knew of the public health field, the writer spent a busy month observing and learning about the activities of nurses outside of institutions, then realizing how important it is for all nurses to know the nursing going on in every field of nursing.
[Article 19:3] Officers of the Alumnae Association 1920 - 1921. — August, 1920
Listing of newly elected officers of the Alumnae Association, its Board of Directors, chairmen and members of all committees. (Where a chairman is designated, this index will not list all the members of that commitee.)
[Article 19:3] Twenty-Eighth Annual Meeting of the Johns Hopkins Hospital Nurses Alumnae Association. — August, 1920
Minutes and proceedings of the annual meeting of the Alumnae Association including an address by the president, reports of all standing and special committees, full Auditor's Report.
Very brief reviews of eight (8) books that might be of interest to nurses, including one of a religious nature.
[Article 19:4] Changes in the Teaching Methods of the Training School for Nurses. — November, 1920
Different changes in nursing education are presented: (1) closer coordination between theory and practice especially using ward rounds, a closer and more careful supervision of the practical work of the nurses, reorganization of the "preparatory" course, the release of students from housekeeping and certain materials preparation, the addition of courses in psychology and personality.
Need for an Endowment Fund for the school of nursing in order to attract the best students and produce the best graduates accompany this appeal for greater activity for the Endowment Fund.
[Article 19:4] Extracts from the Minutes of the Meetings of Endowment Fund Committee. — November, 1920
Creator: Waters, Yssabella
Minutes of three (3) recent meetings of the Endowment Fund Committee during November 1920. Included after the minutes is the listing of the members of the committee and each of its four (4) sub-committees.
[Article 19:4] Messages to the Alumnae Association from Judge Henry D. Harlan, President Board of Trustees, Johns Hopkins Hospital; Dr. William H. Welch, Dr. Henry M. Hurd, Dr. C.-E. A. Winslow.. — November, 1920
Creator: Harlan, Henry D. ; Welch, William Henry, 1850-1934. ; Hurd, Henry M. (Henry Mills), 1843-1927 ; Winslow, C.E.A.
Letters of support for the Alumnae Association's move for an endowment for the School of Nursing from four notable physicians and medical school physicians.
[Article 19:4] Notices (1) Mental Nursing. (2) The Marion National Sanatorium. (3) To the Graduates of our School of Nursing. — November, 1920
(1) Announcement of opportunity for nurses in "mental" nursing with address to contact if interested. (2) Establishment of a new hospital to provide care for World War I veterans suffering from "mental" diseases with information about what will be offered, the proposed staffing, an address for interested nurses. (3) Brief announcement for contributions to Endowment Fund.
[Article 19:4] Quarterly Report of the Alumnae Meeting, November 19, 1920. — November, 1920
Minutes and proceedings of the regular quarterly meeting of the Nurses Alumnae Association, with hospital hours for Private Duty Nurses and the Nurses Endowment Fund being the only two topics being discussed, the latter matter occupying most of the meeting. Printed in full are the comments of a Mrs. Parsons who led the successful efforts to raise four (4) million dollars for Smith College.
This article cites the progress made improving nursing education beginning with the donation of money to Teachers College at Columbia for advancing nursing education. Then it writes of what more than a few universities are doing in allying themselves with nursing education, the new 5-year program at Yale University and Simmons College, and finally the report of the Superintendent of Nurses at Stanford Uiversity School of Nursing and the progress at Cleveland Nursing Center.
A recent study has shown that over half of all nurse training schools have an entrance standard of one year of high school or less. Yet, from these graduates have come our educators and supervisors as well as patient care nurses. It is necessary to raise these entrance standards and, as the article declares, "we can do that only by improving the schools themselves."
[Article 19:4] The Reasons and the Demands for More and Better Nurses. — November, 1920
In order to improve the health of the people, it is necessary that nurses go beyond working in hospitals to go into the community to improve health of children and mothers, the mentally ill, and do give preventive care in many areas.
[Article 19:4] Treasures Which Have Been Presented to Our School. — November, 1920
This is a listing of various portraits, Nightingale objects and letters, money for purchase of books, the Nurses Vacation Cottage Fund, other funds for nurses and for the school.
[Article 19:4] Treasurer's Report of Class Contributions to Fund. — November, 1920
This article is a listing by class of individual contributions to the Endowment Fund from the Class of 1891 (with 100% contributing) through the Class of 1920 plus one Honorary Member contribution.
The article addresses what a private endowment for the School of Nursing will do for the school, how it will be used to advance the education of students and the cause of nursing. Some of the answers to these questions include correcting the "inadequacies" -- equipment, a building of our own, larger teaching and supervisory staff, increased student body and improved education -- and finally, an entire readjustment of the curriculum to include all branches of nursing.