William B. Kouwenhoven
13 Jan 1886-10 Nov 1975
William B. Kouwenhoven was born in Brooklyn, New York. He received his E.E. in 1906 and his M.E. in 1907, both from the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, and his doctoral degree in electrical engineering from Karlsruhe Technische Hochscule in Baden, Germany. He joined the faculty of the Johns Hopkins University School of Engineering in 1914, serving as dean of the school from 1938 until 1954. His research in electric shock and his study of the effects of electricity on the heart led to development of the closed chest electrical defibrillator and the technique of external cardiac massage. After his retirement from the school of engineering, Kouwenhoven was a lecturer at the school of medicine. In 1969, he received the first honorary degree ever conferred by the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
1914-1975 - Johns Hopkins University School of Engineering
1956-1975 - Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Scope and Content:
The William B. Kouwenhoven Collection covers his engineering training and his years as a researcher and administrator at the Johns Hopkins University. Series include student notebooks, correspondence, meeting files, subject files, research notes, records of electric shock experiments, films, and material culture. Much of the collection consists of charts and graphs of research data from animal experiments from 1950 to 1970. A bound edition of Kouwenhoven's collected articles from 1965 to 1972 is also included.
Restrictions on Access: This collection may contain some restricted records. Materials pertaining to patients, students, employees, and human research subjects, as well as unprocessed collections and recent administrative records, carry restrictions on access. For more information about the policies and procedures for access, see the Archives Policy on Access and Use.
Restrictions on Use: When citing material from this collection, credit The Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives of The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. For permission to reproduce images, contact the holder of the copyright.
Related material: A related group of Kouwenhoven's papers were housed at Special Collections, The Milton S. Eisenhower Library, The Johns Hopkins University. A finding aid to that collection is available at: http://ead.library.jhu.edu/ms095.xml These materials were transferred to the Chesney Medical Archives in April 2013 and have been integrated into its finding aid for the Kouwenhoven Collection.