Series VIII:

Sub-series VIII/A:
Bibliographies and Card Files
Folder 175/1-9Bibliographies of Gantt's Writings
Folder 175/10-11Bibliographies of Pavlovian Lab Publications
Box 176-180Bibliographic Reference Card File
Box 181-185Reprint Reference Card File

Sub-series VIII/B:
Articles by W. Horsley Gantt

Essays, Editorials, Speeches
    Gantt's essays, editorials, and speeches (38 items, 1927-1978) mostly concern general scientific topics, such as "Psychobiology in the modern World" (1947). Other topics include three articles about Adolf Meyer (1966, 1976, and 1978), the Vietnam War, government ordered integration in schools, free will, nationalized medicine, and "A Scientist's Last Words" (1973), which summarizes the major personal and scientific events of Gantt's life and his code of ethics.
Folder 186/1Moral conditions in Germany. — 1927
Folder 186/2Rioch's criticism of my theory of split function based on talk in Washington. — Mar 30 1946
Folder 186/3Physiological psychology, pp. 1-49. — 1947
Folder 186/4Physiological psychology, pp. 50-74. — 1947
Folder 186/5"Psychobiology in the modern world". — Jun 1947
Folder 186/6Objectivity in psychiatry. — 1957
Folder 186/7The meaning of science: Address to elementary grades 4-6. — Mar 1959
Folder 186/8Cardiac psychophysiology. — Oct 1959
Folder 186/9Speech schedules. — 1959
Folder 186/10Presentation of award to Nolan D. C. Lewis. — Feb 25 1961
Folder 186/11Comments on integration in the public schools. — Sep 1961
Folder 186/12Outlook for national medicine. — 1963
Folder 186/13Abstract for Harper's. — 1965
Folder 186/14Philosophy of science. — Apr 1965
Folder 186/15The individual between the external and internal environments. — 1966
Folder 186/16Effect of person. — Feb 27 1967
Folder 186/17Senility: A conditioned occupational disease. — May 1967
Box 187Dean's Lecture. — 1979-1980
    A summation of Gantt's work can be found in manuscripts (1977-1980) of his Dean's Lecture at Johns Hopkins, entitled "Proflex, Schizokinesis and the Internal Universe."
    (The lecture is also available on cassette tape.)

Russia. — 1926-1967
    Manuscripts from the 1920s focus on the influence of the Bolshevik revolution on the status of medical science in Russia. Describing medical education in 1926, Gantt quotes two Russian professors, "...the students now are all 'ruffians' that for the past few years...could hardly read..." Another professor states that "medical science is at the present progressing satisfactorily." (Notes, 8/24/26. Box 189/1). In 1937, Gantt published Russian Medicine; box 188 consists of manuscripts of the book, and notes (1960-1965) which update the original publication. In the 1940s, the manuscripts concern the need for cooperation on the war effort. Included are drafts of telegrams sent to TASS, drafts of a radio talk sponsored by the League of Nations Association, two articles for the New Masses, and transcripts of three lectures on the history of Russia. In the early 1950s, Gantt writes about purges in Russian psychiatry for the American Journal of Psychiatry, about the "Bolshevik Counter Revolution," and an article comparing socialist and capitalist countries. These writings coincide with the investigation of the Veterans Administration into Gantt's alleged communist sympathies. In 1957 and 1958, Gantt wrote several articles about Russian education and the "race" with Soviet science. Scientific notes about various Russian scientific institutions comprise 53 pages, dated 1958. These are followed, in 1961, by two papers about Russian psychiatry.
Folder 188/1-23Manuscript of Russian Medicine and notes, 1960-65, updating the book. — 1937-1965
Folder 189/1Notes re Military Medical Academy, Leningrad, 1 p.. — Aug 24 1926
    Briefly describes Academy Hospital and the preparation of the medical students according to two Soviet physicians. "Prof. X...says that the students now are all 'Ruffians' that for the past few years they could hardly read....Another professor states that 'Medical science is at the present progressing satisfactorily.'"
Folder 189/2Diary entries re Pavlov. — 1927
Folder 189/3Copy of interview of Gantt for TASS, 6 pp.. — Sep 1 1927
Folder 189/4Drafts (6) of radio talk by Gantt sponsored by Vigilantes Committee of League of Nations Association, Rumors that help the Axis, 16 pp.. — Mar 20 1942
Folder 189/5Outline, notes, typescript for lecture on Russian war relief, 8 pp.. — Jun 21 1942
Folder 189/6Notes and typescript for untitled lecture in Toronto, re history of science in Russian, 11 pp.. — Nov 13 1943
Folder 189/7Typescripts (3) for article for New Masses, Cooperation between the U. S. A. and the Soviet Union, 7 pp.. — Nov 1943
Folder 189/8Outline for speech re Russia, given to YWCA, 3 pp.. — Mar 14 1944
Folder 189/9Typescripts (2) for article for New Masses, The role of Russia in creating a stable peaceful and democratic world order, 2 pp.. — Jun 10 1944
Folder 189/10Typescript of lecture to American Association for the Advancement of Science, Philadelphia, Russian physiology and pathology, 5 pp.. — Dec 27 1951
Folder 189/11Typescripts (3) for article in American Journal of Psychiatry, Russian purges in psychiatry, 11 pp.. — Feb 1 1952
Folder 189/12Typescript for American Association for the Advancement of Science, Philadelphia, Russian physiology and pathology. — Apr 1 1952
Folder 189/13Typescript of above with corrections by John Dos Passos, 68 pp.. — Jun 1 1952
Folder 189/14Typescripts - Zirkle M.S., re Russian physiology, 120 pp.. — 1952
Folder 189/15Notes and typescript - speech at Gilman, Baltimore, The Bolshevik counter revolution, 9 pp.. — May 7 1953
Folder 189/16Notes - article for Journal of Physiology (USSR), Statistics: Socialist and capitalist countries. — 1955
Folder 189/17Notes, Russian talks. — 1956-1957
Folder 190/1Interview for Radio Leningrad. — Sep 1957
Folder 190/2Interview of Gantt for TASS. — Sep 1957
Folder 190/3Paper - Professor N. A. Popov, Clinic of the First Medical Institute. — Sep 17 1957
Folder 190/4Radio talk Leningrad. — Oct 3 1957
Folder 190/5Notes - USSR. — 1957
Folder 190/6MSS - USSR. — 1957
Folder 190/7Account of meeting with Peace Committee, Moscow. — Feb 4 1958
Folder 190/8Notes - re education in Russia. — May 23 1958
Folder 190/9Notes - re Maurice Hindus on Russia. — 1958
Folder 190/10Russian Education Speech. — Oct 16 1958
Folder 190/11MSS - Psychiatry in USSR by Konstantin Bykov, read by Gantt at APA meeting, 1958. — May 1958
Folder 190/12Notes - Soviets dispute connection between dietary fats and cardiovascular disease. — Dec 26 1958
Folder 190/13Notebook - scientific notes made in Russia. — 1958
Folder 190/14MSS - Psychiatry in Russia (for N. Y. Times). — 1959
Folder 190/15MSS - Russian Psychiatry (for N. Y. Times). — 1959
Folder 190/16MSS - Russian Psychiatry (for N. Y. Times). — Feb 1959
Folder 190/17Foreword to Recent achievements in Russian medicine. — 1960
Folder 190/18Paper - Russian psychiatry, written with Astrup. — Apr 3 1961
Folder 190/19Gantt's summaries of work of Russian physiologists. — 1961
Folder 190/20Lecture on Russia at Phipps Hall. — Oct 1963
Folder 190/21Philosophy and research. — Dec 1967
Folder 190/22MSS - Why I stayed in Russia seven years (address to Hamilton Street Club). — Mar 25 1976
Folder 190/23Discussion of Dr. Moost's "C. v. cerebral Disorders of Wilson and Lenin" at Baltimore Neurological Society. — Feb 10 1977
Folder 190/24MSS fragment re Russia. — n.d.
Folder 190/25The race to the moon. — n.d.

    Among the manuscripts by Gantt are drafts (1940) for a biography of Pavlov, and notes and typescripts of over 30 articles about Pavlov and Pavlovianism, many of which were published. In addition, there are notes and typescripts for 13 lectures and two radio broadcasts about Pavlov. The manuscripts date from 1933 to 1979; most explain Pavlovian methodology and Pavlov's contributions to the study of behavior. Among other topics are Pavlov's relations with the Soviet government, his religious views, Pavlov and Darwin (150 pages), and Bykov's assessment of Pavlov.
Folder 191/1Diary excerpts, 11 pp. — Oct 1922-Jun 1927
    In brief entries, Gantt touches on Pavlov's view of religion, free will, women doctors, the design of his laboratory building, and his health, and in several entries the effect of the Bolshevik state of Russia and particularly on science.
Folder 191/2Notes - comments by Russians re Pavlov, 7 pp. — 1924-1929
    Briefly relates Pavlov's trip to the United States and the theft of his trunk in New York, relates Volborth's report that Pavlov was extremely difficult to work for and that Babkin and Orbeli both left Pavlov's lab for that reason.
Folder 191/3Notes - Gantt's talks with Pavlov, 8 pp. — 1927-1929
    Relates Pavlov's views of philosophy, Freud, the difference between scientists and artists and government control of science and the academy. Also mentions some childhood experiences of Pavlov.
Folder 191/4Notes - Pavlov notes, 2 pp. — Apr 1929
    From Gantt's diary: Pavlov criticizes his Communist government and its Marxist pretensions in addition to touching on the Luvach letter (and Jews) and his differences with Zeliony. Also included is a passage on Experiments of Condrad and an April 20 Demonstration of secretory nerves to the pancreas.
Folder 191/5Notes - re Pavlov on board the Cunard ship, 4 pp. Made on board ship. Zelheim's impressions of Pavlov.. — 1933
Folder 191/6Typescript - Pavlov: A new science at eighty-four, 8 pp. Biographical sketch by Gantt written on board Cunard Line.. — 1933
Folder 191/7Notes, typescripts for Developments following Pavlov's work, written for New Republic, 75 pp.. — 1940
Folder 191/8Notes for biography of Pavlov. — 1940
Folder 191/9MS - Biography of Pavlov, Chapter 1. — 1940
Folder 191/10MS - Biography of Pavlov, Chapter 2. — 1940
Folder 191/11MS - Biography of Pavlov, Chapter 3. — 1940
Folder 191/12MS - Biography of Pavlov, Chapter 4. — 1940
Folder 191/13MS - Biography of Pavlov, Chapter 4. — 1940
Folder 191/14MS - Biography of Pavlov, Chapters 1-5, with corrections by John Dos Passos. — 1940
Folder 191/15Notes and transcripts - Conference on Medical Psychology, Gantt on Pavlov, 25 pp.. — Dec 12 1942
Folder 191/16Transcript - radio broadcast for United Nations, Pavlov and Russian science, 12 pp.. — Jan 4 1943
Folder 191/17Transcript - radio broadcast for Voice of America, Continuation of the Pavlovian work in the U.S.A., 5 pp. — April 30 1948
Folder 191/18Notes re Bykov's Assessment of Pavlov in Pravda article dated Jul 14 1950, 14 pp.. — Feb 1950
Folder 191/19Notes, Summary of Pavlov's work on the cardiovascular system, 1 p. An outline of Pavlov's work from the Archives des Sciences Biologiques. — 1952
Folder 191/20Lecture notes - Russian Institute (Columbia University), 8 pp.. — 1952
Folder 191/21Typescript for speech - New York Academy of Medicine, Essentials of the Pavlovian methodology, 29 pp.. — Dec 3 1953
Folder 191/22Letter to the editor, NY Times, 1 p. "As scientists actively engaged in the study of conditioned reflexes we wish to protest the current misuse of the name I. P. make a Communist hero of Pavlov is absurd and unfair. It is equally absurd and unfair to make him a scapegoat.". — Nov 17 1953
Folder 191/23Typescript - Pavlovian principles and psychiatry, Chapter for Progress in Psychotherapy, 11 pp.. — 1957
Folder 191/24Transcript of panel discussion re Pavlov, 42 pp. Gantt relates how he first came to Russia and met Pavlov and tells Pavlov's life history. There follows an active discussion between Gantt and Fremont-Smith about Pavlov.. — Feb 1958
Folder 191/25Notes for speech - First Conference on Central Nervous System and Behavior, Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation, Princeton, 18 pp.. — Feb 24 1958
Folder 191/26Typescript, critique of above named conference by S. A. Sarkisov, V. S. Rusinov, and M. Y. Rabinovich, 10 pp. — Sep 6 1959
    Russians criticize Gantt's revelations of Pavlov's anti-Marxist views. includes a 5 p. typescript of Gantt's reply.
Folder 191/27MSS and proofs, Pavlov and Darwin, 150 pp.. — 1959
Folder 192/1Draft and typescript for speech at symposium, New York Academy of Sciences, re Pavlovian monograph, 14 pp.. — Oct 14 1960
Folder 192/2Typescripts for Most Unforgettable Character series, Reader's Digest, 14 pp. includes drafts and correspondence from Fishbein.. — Jan 1961
Folder 192/3Drafts, presidential address, American Psychopathological Association, 39 pp.. — Feb 1960
Folder 192/4Typescript, address to Society of Biological Psychiatry and The Pavlovian Society, 25 pp.. — Aug 16 1961
Folder 192/5Typescripts - Pavlov, for Modern Medicine, 27 pp.. — 1962
Folder 192/6Typescript - Pavlov: The beginning and end of an era, 4 pp.. — 1963
Folder 192/7Typescript, untitled, 8 pp. describes Pavlov's contributions to psychiatry.. — Feb 26 1963
Folder 192/8Typescript and notes of lecture, Phipps, 12 pp.. — Oct 30 1963
Folder 192/9Notes, lecture by ? at Institute of International Studies, Geneva, Recent trends in Soviet philosophy, 4 pp.. — 1963
Folder 192/10Typescripts - Gantt and Zwingmann, The impact of Pavlov on psychiatry, 28 pp.. — Apr 7 1965
Folder 192/11Transcript - Neurophysical psychiatry: Descartes to Pavlov and after, for Connecticut Department of Mental Health, 25 pp., includes reprint. — 1966
Folder 192/12Typescript - intro, Gantt, Pickenhain and Zwingmann, Pavlovian approach to psychotherapy, history, and perspectives, 3 pp. — Jun 22 1967
    Outlines the aims and results of Pavlov's research and notes the differences between American and Russian conditioning research.
Folder 192/13Typescript of editorial Pavlov's higher nervous activity, 7 pp.. — Nov 12 1968
Folder 192/14Letter to the editor, NY Times, with James Lynch, 3 pp. corrects inaccuracies in a N. Y. Times feature story.. — Jul 9 1970
Folder 192/15Typescripts - Pavlov, for The Encyclopedia Britannica, 24 pp.. — 1971
Folder 192/16Note, typescripts - Reminiscences of Pavlov, 61 pp.. — 1971
Folder 192/17Typescript - Pavlovian psychology, 10 pp.. — Mar 1 1972
Folder 192/18Notes - lecture at University of Rochester, 8 pp.. — Dec 8 1972
Folder 192/19Transcript - above lecture, Pavlov, 36 pp.. — Jan 1973
Folder 192/20Typescript - Neo-Pavlovianism, a chapter for Behavioral Control and Modification of Physiological Activity, 37 pp.. — Aug 1974
Folder 192/21Outline - Van Giesen lecture, New York, 1 p.. — Sep 6 1974
Folder 192/22Typescript and notes, untitled, re Pavlov's pupils, 6 pp.. — Mar 1975
Folder 192/23Typescript - Neo-Pavlovianism in psychology, 3 pp.. — Apr 1975
Folder 192/24Typescript - Some Neo-Pavlovian principles from the American Pavlovian Laboratory, 14 pp.. — May 8 1975
Folder 192/25Notes and transcript - Pavlov on religion and freedom of the will. — Oct 2 1975
Folder 193/1-3Typescripts (6) - An eyewitness account of Pavlov, 65 pp.. — Dec 1975-Jan 1976
Folder 193/4Typescripts (2) - Pavlov and the Bolshevik", for a lecture to the Hamilton Street Club, 22 pp.. — May 1976
Folder 193/5-7Drafts - articles for George Balis, University of Maryland, re Pavlov's contributions to behavioral science, 78 pp., with source material (offprints). — 1976
Folder 193/8Typescript - Neo-Pavlovianism in the USA, 36 pp.. — 1978
Folder 193/9Typescripts - Perspectives fifty years after Pavlov, for Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 20 pp.. — 1979
Folder 193/10Proofs - Ivan Petrovich Pavlov: Presidential address, 11 pp.. — n.d.
Folder 193/11Notes for speech at University of Virginia, 4 pp.. — n.d.
Folder 193/12Notes and typescript - Pavlov's contributions to science for AIMS. — n.d.
Folder 193/13Typescript - Pavlov: Reminiscences of an American pupil, 3 pp.. — n.d.
Folder 193/14Notebook - notes about Pavlov's laboratory work and political situation, 31 pp.. — n.d.
Folder 193/15Typescript - Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849-1936), 3 pp.. — n.d.
Folder 193/16Typescript - Evaluation of Pavlov, 3 pp.. — n.d.
Folder 193/17Typescript of abstract of Lectures on conditioned reflexes and Conditional reflexes and psychiatry, 2 pp.. — n.d.
Folder 193/18Typescript - report of lecture by Pavlov to the Academy of Science, The Connection between the physiology and psychology, 3 pp.. — n.d.
Folder 193/19MS - report of Pavlov's lecture, Official report to the Phy. Society, 2 pp.. — n.d.
Folder 193/20MS - fragments, 4 pp. — n.d.

Gantt's Translations of Pavlov's Writings
    Manuscripts written by Pavlov number ten, six of which are in Russian. Among them are transcripts of two lectures which Pavlov delivered to the medical students of the Military Medical Academy in Leningrad in 1923 and 1924. Volborth, who was Pavlov's colleague, transcribed the lectures as they were given. The transcripts appear to be Gantt's translations of Volborth's text. Copies of these lectures were brought out of Russia by Gantt via diplomatic pouch. Though addressed to medical students, both lectures are a criticism of Marxism and the Communist state: "According to the academic custom...which I [Pavlov] have followed all of my professional life, I always read the first lecture on a general theme..." (Pavlov, transcript (in English) of lecture, 9/23/23. Box 194/4). Declaring that he is a Russian patriot, "a son of my native land," Pavlov exhorts his students: "Science and dogmatism are entirely different things...If you acknowledge that Marxism and Communism are not absolute truths, that it is only a theory in which there may be a part of a truth, but in which there is perhaps no truth, then you will look on all life with freedom of view, but not with such slavery." (Pavlov, transcript (in English) of lecture, 9/23/23. Box 194/4).
    Other manuscripts by Pavlov include a signed, hand-written description of Pavlov's specially designed laboratory building (December 7, 1922), and a signed document entitled "Short Scientific Account of the Physiological Laboratory of the Russian Academy of Sciences for the 5 Year Period from 1918 to 1923." In a handwritten letter to a Leningrad priest, Eugenei Mihailovitch, Pavlov writes, "I know the Russian soul! What a tragedy of life will the present propaganda of the atheism provoke in it..." (June 25, 1928). In an English translation (probably by Gantt) of a letter "To the Soviet of the Peoples Commissars: Including Stalin, etc.," Pavlov writes, "we are ordered to elect as members of the highest scientific institution people who we can not conscientiously recognize as scientists." (Transcript, 10/6/28. Box 194/7). By 1935, however, in remarks at a reception in the Kremlin and again at a dinner in Ryazan, Pavlov appears to have reversed himself politically: "I raise my goblet and drink to the only government in the world who could bring this about, who values science so highly and supports it so fervently - to the government of my country." (Greetings at a dinner in Ryazan (in Russian), 8/21/35. Box 194/9). Finally, in "A Letter to the Youth" (1936) Pavlov asks, "What do I desire for the youth of my Fatherland who devote themselves to science?"
    A 24-page translation of Pavlov's "The Work of the Digestive Gland," (1910) is also included.
Folder 194/1Abstract - The work of the digestive glands, 24 pp.. — 1910
Folder 194/2Transcript - Description of building for Pavlov's lab, 1 p.. — Dec 7 1922
Folder 194/3Transcript - Pavlov, Short scientific account of the work carried on in the Physiological Laboratory of the Russian Academy of Science during the period 1918-1923, 2 pp.. — 1923
Folder 194/4Transcript and comments - lecture by Pavlov to students, 12 pp.. — Sep 23 1923
Folder 194/5Transcript and comments - Pavlov's second lecture, delivered in the Douma, Leningrad, 7 pp.. — May 1 1924
Folder 194/6Letter - Pavlov to Evgenii Mihailovitch (a priest in Leningrad) re Pavlov's religion. — Jun 25 1928
Folder 194/7Transcript and comments - Pavlov, For the protocol of the General Meeting of the Academy, 1 p., original filed with oversize. — Oct 6 1928
Folder 194/8Transcript, letter - Pavlov to The Soviet of the People's Commissars, 2 pp.. — Oct 17 1928
Folder 194/9Transcript - Pavlov, Greetings at dinner, Pavlov at reception, Kremlin, 4 pp.. — Aug 20 1935-Aug 21 1935
Folder 194/10Transcript - Pavlov's Last will and testament: A letter to youth, written in 1936, 2 pp.. — Mar 20 1963
Folder 194/11Signature - Pavlov. — n.d.
Folder 194/12-29Translation - Conditioned reflexes and psychiatry. — 1938